(Last Updated on : 18/01/2010)
Gujjars in contemporary India accounts for a huge population. They speak their mother tongue that is the Gurjari language, which is also known as Gurjuri, Gojiri and Gojiri, regardless of their region and religion. Their Gurjari language is very similar to the Rajasthani language
or marvari language. This was the royal language during the kingdom of the Gujjar kings in the past and thus it is said that they are very fond of it. In today's modern times, the Gujjars are now mostly settled with large tracts of lands in the northern region of India. They are also known as very good farmers. According to surveys, Gujjars in contemporary India are doing really well in all spheres of life. They are doing well in education, politics and more.
It is said that Gujjar community in contemporary India is a sum total of the warrior tribes. Though in different countries the word 'Gujjar' has come to be known differently but yet it has not changed altogether, like for instance 'Gurjar', 'Gojar', 'Gorjar', 'Godar', 'Kochar' or 'Gorj' etc. Interestingly, historians have different opinions of their origin and their coming to India. Some historians are of the view that they were the inhabitants of India long ago while others say that they had migrated from Central Asia. It is also said that probably they might have settled in the Indian green territory during 5th or 6th century AD. According to the historians who take them as aborigines of India say that the three sects of Kshatriyas - Suraj Vanshi, Chandra Vanshi and Yadav Vanshi, had amalgamated with Gujjars after the war Mahabharata
. And prior to the Mahabharata war, Kshatriyas were the sole rulers but their power and influence declined considerably after the war.
Gujjars migrated to India in 476 AD and were quickly assimilated into the local population as Kshatriyas. According to the Varna or caste system in India
, the Gurjars or Gujjars traditionally belonged to the Kshatriya
caste or the warrior class. They formerly ruled the Gurjara-Pratihara Kingdom, which included much of northern India during the 8th and 9th centuries. They are believed to have originated from what is now Georgia. Gujarat is said to be named after them as they settled in this state in the 6th century AD. But very recently, the Gujjar community in India were in arms for their inclusion in the Scheduled Tribe list in Rajasthan. It was nothing short of an uprising that left behind a huge trail of corpses, damaged public property and huge loss of business. The people belonging to Gurjar community are characterized by their strong and large built. They also have a very good self-esteem and are proud people. Gujjars in modern times possess both the desire and ability to rule the world. Gujjar community had produced several great leaders like Vijay Singh Pathik, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Rajesh Pilot and many more.