(Last Updated on : 19-05-2014)
Garhwali is one of the significant languages in the category of the regional languages that has gained recognition in the whole of Indian subcontinent. Garhwali is the major language spoken by the people of Garhwal region. It is integrated to the central Pahari language of the Himalayan region. Large portions of East Himachal Pradesh and Garhwal speak Garhwali. Multitudes of dialects have developed from the Garhwali language. These are namely Jaunsari, Bhotia, Jadhi, Sailani etc. Not only, the Garhwali language influenced numerous languages of India but also enriched by the impact of the other languages in India.
The origin of Garhwali is also quite interesting. Wide influence of Sauraseni Prakrit, which also affected the development of languages like 'Rajasthani', 'Brij bhasha' and quite a few 'western or central Pahari language' can be traced. Not to mention, Sanskrit and its variants brought about modulations in the Garhwali language.
A famous organization, namely, IMA undertakes a survey in the year 1994 and inferred that total number of Garhwali speakers amounts to 2,081,756.