History of North Indian States
The Northern part of modern India has been the historical centre of the Mauryan Empire, Indo-GreekEmpire, Northern Satraps, Gupta Empire, Harsha Empire, Pala Empire, Pratihara Empire, Delhi Sultanate, Mughal Empire, Sur, Sikh, Maratha Empire and British Empire.
Names of North Indian States
The northern part of India is a loosely defined region consisting of Indus-Gangetic Plain and the Himalayan Mountain Range in India, which demarcate the region from the Tibetan Plateau and Central Asia. The modern North Indian states are Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and the Union Territories of Delhi and Chandigarh. The states have been discussed in detail below:
Punjab: Punjab is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast, Rajasthan to the southwest, and the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west. The state capital is located in Chandigarh. The culture of Punjab includes the "bhangra" dance, a vast range of cuisine which has become widely popular abroad, and a number of seasonal and harvest festivals such as Lohri, Vasant Panchami, Vaisakhi and Teeyan. There are 22 districts in the Indian state of Punjab.
Jammu and Kashmir: Jammu and Kashmir is located mostly in the Himalayan mountain Range. This state shares borders with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. Jammu and Kashmir has tourist destinations like Vaishno Devi, Amarnath, Leh, Ladakh, Khardongla Pass, Golf clubs, Dal Lake, hill stations and the eco tourism spots. Jammu and Kashmir is divided into 22 districts, which are bounded in three divisions- Jammu, Kashmir Valley and Ladakh.
Haryana: Haryana is spread about 44,212 square km. The city of Chandigarh is its capital while the NCR city of Faridabad is the most populous city of the state. Haryana is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north and by Rajasthan to the west and south. The Yamuna River defines its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh. The Indian state of Haryana has also 22 districts in it.
Himachal Pradesh: Himachal Pradesh is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab and Chandigarh on the west, Haryana on the south-west, Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. Himachal Pradesh consists of 12 districts in it.
Uttar Pradesh: Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world. Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh. Ghaziabad, Bulandshahr, Kanpur, Gorakhpur, Allahabad, Raebareli, Moradabad, Bareilly, Aligarh, Sonbhadra, and Varanasi are known for their industrial and tourism importance in this state. Currently, there are 75 districts in Uttar Pradesh.
Uttarakhand: Uttarakhand is often referred to as the "Devbhumi" due to many Hindu temples and Buddhist pilgrimage centers. It is noted for the Himalayan Mountain Range, the Bhabhar and the Terai. Uttarakhand is bounded by 13 districts, which are divided into two divisions- Garhwal and Kumaon regions.
Rajasthan: This state falls on the northern portion of India on some part, and the other part falls on the western part of India. Rajasthan has 33 districts in it.
Renowned Places of North India
The northern states have a diverse culture, and include different pilgrimage destinations like Haridwar, Ayodhya, Mathura, Allahabad, and Pushkar of Hindus, the Buddhist pilgrimage centers of Sarnath and Kushinagar, the Sikh Golden Temple as well as world heritage sites such as the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Forts in Rajasthan, Jantar Mantar (Jaipur), Qutb Minar, Red Fort, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri and Taj Mahal etc.
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