The world's largest earth dam - the Hirakud Dam is built on the river and stands near the city of Sambalpur. It has a high tower, Gandhi Minar for check up of the dam; on other side of the dam another tower Ashok minar is constructed there.
The Mahanadi rises in Dhamtari District of Chhatisgarh. The productive plains of the Mahanadi valley are home to intensive rice cultivation. The Mahanadi and Brahmani rivers together form a large delta where they meet the Bay of Bengal. The city of Cuttack lies at the head of this delta. This delta features one of the largest mangrove forests in Indian peninsular, and is a main rice producing area of the eastern coast of India. The Mahanadi River irrigates a fruitful valley where crops of oilseed, rice, and sugarcane are cultivated.
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