(Last Updated on : 12-04-2017)
rule in India (which covers both the British East India Company
rule and later the British Raj), the princely state
was ruled by different princes belonging to the Scindia Dynasty. It was the Anglo-Maratha War
s which caused the Gwalior State
to come under British suzerainty. Given below are the rulers of Gwalior.
Jankojirao I Scindia
Jankojirao I Scindia, the 3rd Maharaja of Gwalior who ruled from 1755 to 1761. It has been documented in Indian history
that Jankojirao I Scindia was made a prisoner in the Third Battle of Panipat
against the Afghan forces of Ahmad Shah Abdali
in 1761 and was put to death.
Madhavrao I Scindia
I Scindia, the 4th Maharaja of Gwalior ruled from 1761 to 1794. The battle at Panipat had left him severely wounded in the leg with a permanent limp, but Scindia managed to escape. The consequences of the battle at Panipat made Scindia to turn Gwalior into a chief military power in the Maratha Confederacy
. More specifically, he created a well-trained modern army under the command of Benoît de Boigne.
Daulatrao Scindia, the 5th Maharaja of Gwalior ruled from 1794 to 1827. He strongly desired to increase his dominions. This can be comprehended from the fact that Scindia had seized territory from the Maratha Puars of Dhar and Dewas.
Jankojirao II Scindia
Jankojirao II Scindia, the 6th Maharaja of Gwalior ruled from 1827 to 1843.
, the 7th Maharaja of Gwalior ruled from 1843 to 1886. During the Mutiny of 1857
, immense courage and loyalty was exhibited by Scindia. It was the time when he himself and his minister were forced to flee to Agra
. On 19th of June, 1858, after being brought back to Gwalior by Sir Hugh Rose, he was honored with the right of adoption, numerous titles, extensive grants of additional territory and an increase in his army. He was Honorary General in the British army, a Knight Grand Cross of the Bath and a Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India.
Madhorao II Scindia
II Scindia, the 8th Maharaja of Gwalior ruled from1886 to 1925.
, the 9th Maharaja of Gwalior ruled from1925 to 1961. More specifically, Jivajirao Scindia occupied the throne from 27th of September, 1925, but got ruling powers on 2nd November 1936.
Post Indian Independence
in 1947, the princely state of Gwalior was made a part of the new Union of India. It was merged with the state of Madhya