Khudiram Bose was one of the thousands who fought for their birthright "freedom" and also curbed the power and stirred the British Government. Khudiram Bose was the pride of Bengal. In Indian history, several revolutionists without a backward glance moved forward to free their motherland. Their love for India was intense and they never thought of their personal relations and comfort. Among them, Khudiram Bose who at a tender age, was attracted towards the sacred words of Vande Mataram and showed the guts to devote his soul to the war of Independence.
Lala Lajpat Rai, popularly known as the Sher-E-Punjab was a philanthropist, a social reformer and a true nationalist. He was a great national leader, who worked tirelessly to improve the education and to promote the unity among the Hindus. Being a social reformer he intended to bring a unity in the society and to inculcate the spirit of nationalism throughout the country. The historians considered Lala Lajpat Rai as the standard of revolt against the "mendicant policy" of the Moderate leaders.
Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the governor of a state in India, the pride of Uttar Pradesh. Sarojini Naidu was one of the most prominent leaders of the Congress. She had been associated with the Indian National Congress even before Mahatma Gandhi appeared on the scene in India. Her first guru had been Gopal Krishna Gokhale who fuelled in her the fire of patriotism.
Bhagat Singh was one of the most well known Indian freedom fighters and Indian revolutionaries and who contributed significantly in the Indian Freedom Struggle against the British. Singh was born in a family that was actively involved in revolutionary activities against the British rule in the country. He is also addressed as Shaheed Bhagat Singh, meaning martyr. Singh was born in a Sikh family which was involved in revolutionary endeavors against the British. He was a prominent member of various revolutionary associations and was also one of the major leaders of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), which was later known as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in the year 1928.
Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, led the nation through the Indian freedom struggle with his ideologies of Ahimsa or Non-violence, Civil Disobedience Movement and Swaraj. He was the leader of Indian National Congress and initiated the Satyagraha movement. He was honoured the title Mahatma, meaning Great Soul, by Rabindranath Tagore. Mahatma Gandhi is Known as Father of Nation and played a key role in the Indian freedom struggle. Mahatma Gandhi's main contribution lay in the fact that he bridged the gulf between the intelligentsia and the masses and widened the concept of Swaraj to include almost every aspect of social and moral regeneration. Paying tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his death, famous scientist Albert Einstein said, "Generations to come will scarce believe that such a man as this walked the earth in flesh and blood".
Subash Chandra Bose has been a, monumental power in the struggle for freedom in India. In the National endeavor to attain freedom many great heroes offered their remarkable contributions to attain Independence for India. Some believed in non-violent means, whereas others did not. One such hero was Subhash Chandra Bose, affectionately known as 'Netaji'. He founded Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) to overthrow British Empire from India. With his magnificent work he earned legendary status among Indian masses. Netaji was a fierce and popular leader in the political scene in pre-independence era with strong patriotism and great visionary ideas.
Jai Rajguru was an Indian freedom fighter. His original name was Jaykrushna Mahapatra. He was born on October 29, 1739 near Puri in Orissa to father Shri Chandra Rajguru and mother Smt. Haramani Debi. He came to be known as Jayee Rajguru after his appointment as 'Rajguru' to the king. He grew up to be an outstanding Sanskrit scholar and intellectual of the 18th century. Later he fought for his motherland against the British. Rajguru not only proved to be a great royal priest but also an accomplished Commander-in-Chief and a freedom fighter. He was the first martyr in the national freedom struggle from Orissa.
Rash Behari Bose was born in Subaldaha village of Bardhaman district. He had completed his education in Chandannagar. He had left Bengal as he was not supporting the Alipore bomb case.
Lakshmi Bai the Rani of Jhansi was the queen of the princely state of Jhansi ruled by the Marathas. She was among the most prominent and leading figures in the 1857 rebellion, and was regarded as a symbol of resistance to in India against the British rule. She is remembered in the history of India as a legend, the firebrand queen who commenced the Indian Revolution against the Colonialism of British.
One of the great freedom fighters of this period was Tantia Tope, who is considered to be a hero in the 1857 revolt. His name used to strike terror in the heart of English generals. Being cheated by his friend, Tatia Tope accepted death as a hero for his country.
There are other Regional Freedom Fighters who have had their presence felt amidst the political map of India and their active part into the array of Independence. Some of them are Ganesh Dutt, Sahajanand Saraswati, Ambikagiri Rai Choudhury, Nabin Chandra Bardoloi, Tarun Ram Phukan, Gopinath Bardoloi, A. K. Fazlul Huq, Badal Gupta, Barin Ghosh, Pulin Behari Das, Atulkrishna Ghosh, Ullaskar Dutta, Bhola Paswan Shastri, Tilka Manjhi, Birsa Munda, Sidhu Murmu, Kanhu Murmu, Ram Prasad Bismil, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Krishna Sinha, Yamuna Karjee, Ali Jawad Zaidi, Mahavir Tyagi, Jagjivan Ram, Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Usha Mehta and many other Indian freedom fighters.
(Last Updated on : 03-07-2013)
|More Articles in Indian Freedom Fighters (185)|