The Princely State of Surguja was a part of the Chhattisgarh States Agency in the Eastern States Agency. It was the largest state in the Eastern States Agency and was bordered by the erstwhile British United Provinces of Agra and Oudh in the north; by the British Province of Bihar in the north-east; by Jashpur in the south-east; by Udaipur in the south; by the British district of Bilaspur (Central Provinces and Berar) in the south-west; by Korea in the west and by Rewa in the north-west.
History of Princely State of Surguja
The Princely State of Surguja came under the protection of the British Government of India in the year 1818, after the Third Anglo Maratha War. It is considered that Surguja state operated as the overlord of the current states of Jashpur, Udaipur, Changbhakhar and Korea. The 5 states of the Surguja group, along with Gangpur, Bonai, Kharsawan and Seraikela, were previously known as the Tributary Mahals of Chhota Nagpur. In the year 1891, the British administration decided that these territories were not included as a part of British India and revised sanads were officially issued in 1899. This recognized these regions as feudatory states and defined their associations and links with the British Empire in India.
The hereditary title of the native ruler of the princely state of Surguja was Maharaja, who exercised full administrative and jurisdictional powers and authority. An advisory committee consisting of 3 members was established in the year 1944 on the initiative of the ruler. The state was one of the original constituent members of the Chamber of Princes, a number of smaller states indirectly represented by 12 princes who were elected periodically by them. In 1940, the Maharaja of Surguja was admitted to the Chamber in his own right.
(Last Updated on : 14-05-2012)
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