Bundelkhand, Madhya Pradesh - Informative & researched article on Bundelkhand, Madhya Pradesh
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesStates of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
States of India|Indian Cities|Beaches of India|Hill Stations in India|Forests in India
Home > Travel > States of India > Madhya Pradesh > Tourism in Madhya Pradesh > Bundelkhand
Bundelkhand, Madhya Pradesh
Bundelkhand, which was home to the Chandela Rajput clan, is a region in central India.
 
 Bundelkhand, Madhya PradeshBundelkhand is a geographic region of central India, lying in the Indo-Gangetic Plain and divided between the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. It is a gently sloping upland with barren hilly terrain having sparse vegetation. The region is traversed by three mountain ranges, the Vindhya Mountain Range, Fauna and Bander chains beyond which there are isolated hills. The main rivers are the Sindh River, Betwa River, Ken River, Bagahin River, Tons River, Pahuj River, Dhasan River and Chambal River. There are also many artificial lakes. The Kali Sindh River, rising in Malwa, marks the western edge of Bundelkhand. The major towns of this place are the Jhansi, Datia, Lalitpur, Sagar district, Damoh, Orai, Panna district, Banda Narsinghpur and Chhatarpur district.

Bundelkhand`s most renowned place is Khajuraho which has a number of 10th century temples. The mines of Panna are famous for magnificent diamonds. Bundelkhandi is the most common Hindi dialect spoken in the area. The region is predominantly Hindu, but there are also a number of Jain Tirthas. The region is a fraction of the Narmada River Valley dry deciduous forests eco region. The original vegetation consisted of tropical dry forest. The Panna Tiger Reserve (Panna National Park) in Panna and Chhatarpur districts boasts of tigers and a variety of other wildlife.

The Bundelkhand region has considerable historical significance. The Chandela Rajput clan ruled Bundelkhand from the 10th to the 16th centuries. One of the notable rulers, Vidyadhar (1017-29) expanded the kingdom of Chandella dynasty to its supreme extent, extending the Chandela dominions to the Chambal River in the northwest and south to the Narmada River. The Chandelas built the famous temple-city of Khajuraho between the mid-10th and mid-11th centuries.

During the Chandela period, Bundelkhand became a flourishing Jain community and numerous Jain temples were constructed in that period. In the 12th century, the Rajput Chauhan monarchs of Ajmer challenged the Chandelas. The Muslim conquests of the early 13th century curtailed the Chandela domains, although they survived until the 16th century as minor chieftains. Bundela Rajputs grew to prominence starting in the 16th century. The region came under Mughal rule during the 16th and 18th centuries. Akbar`s governors at Kalpi maintained a nominal authority over the surrounding district, and the Bundela chiefs were in a state of unending revolt, which culminated in the war of independence under Chhatrasal. The region subsequently went under the rule of Maratha Empire but by the end of the 18th century, the Bundelas had freed themselves to some extent from Maratha power.

After 1802, a major part of Bundelkhand passed in British hands. In 1853 the Raja of Jhansi died childless, and his territory was annexed to British East India Company. Bundelkhand according to Lord Dalhousie`s Doctrine of lapse. The widow of the Raja of Jhansi, Rani Lakshmi Bai, remonstrated against the annexation because she was not allowed to adopt an heir, and because the slaughter of cattle was permitted in the Jhansi territory.

The Great Revolt of 1857 found Jhansi ripe for rebellion. Bundelkhand is the home place of two great Indian freedom fighters and the father of the freedom movement in the entire region, Dewan Shatrughan Singh, and his wife Rani Rajendra Kumari. After Indian independence in 1947, the princely states of Bundelkhand were combined with those of the former Bagelkhand Agency to form the province of Vindhya Pradesh, which became an Indian state in 1950. On November 1, 1956, Vindhya Pradesh was merged into Madhya Pradesh.

(Last Updated on : 02/01/2013)
More Articles in Tourism in Madhya Pradesh  (15)
Recently Updated Articles in States of India
Geography of Nalgonda District
Geography of Nalgonda district in Telangana is such that it experiences a hot and dry summer almost throughout the year; increased irrigation facilities have given a boost to agricultural activities in the district.
History of Wardha District
History of Wardha district goes back to the 2nd century BC, when it was part of the empire of the King of Vidharba. It was separated from Nagpur district and labelled a separate district in 1862.
Administration of Wardha District
Administration of Wardha district is headed by the District Collector. The Zilla Parishad has been established at the rural level in order to facilitate development administration at the rural level.
Administration of Kolhapur District
Administration of Kolhapur district is the responsibility of the district Collector. The district as it exists today came into existence on 1st October 1956, following a number of changes in the boundary of the district.
Administration of Dhule District
Administration of Dhule district is headed by the District Collector. He is aided in his administrative functions by a number of sub officers distributed at various levels.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on States of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Travel
 
 
Bundelkhand, Madhya Pradesh - Informative & researched article on Bundelkhand, Madhya Pradesh
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.