(Last Updated on : 23/08/2018)
Telangana became the 29th state of India after it is separated from Andhra Pradesh. Telangana was separated from Andhra Pradesh
after the long struggled rebellion for Telangana, which is better known as Telangana Movement. K Chandrasekhar Rao
was sworn as the first Chief Minister of Telangana and E. S. L. Narasimhan
was sworn as the Governor of Telangana.
The word "Telangana" is thought to have been derived from the word "Telugu", which is the land of Telugu-speaking people. "Trilinga", as in Trilinga Desa, which translates to "the country of the three lingas". According to a Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva
descended as linga on three mountains, namely Kaleshwaram linga, Srisailam linga and Draksharama linga, which marked the boundaries of the "Trilinga desa" which is later called 'Thelinga', 'Telunga', 'Telugu'. One of the earliest uses of a word similar to Telangana can be seen in a name of Malik Maqbul, in the medieval time, who was called Tilangani, which implies that he was from "Tilangana". He was the commander of Warangal Fort
History of Telangana
Telangana has the area of 1,14,840 square kilometres and the twelfth largest state in India. Most of it was part of the Princely State of Hyderabad
(Medak and Warangal Divisions), which was ruled by the Nizams
during the British colonial rule until India gained Independence in the year 1947. In the year 1948, after the following rivalry between the Government of India and the Nizam, Andhra Pradesh came under India's Dominon. In 1956, Hyderabad state was dissolved and Andhra Preadesh was merged with the Telangana region of the state of Hyderabad to form the state of Andhra Pradesh. On 2 June 2014, after three decade long movement, Telangana became the 29th state of India and the twelfth largest state in India. Telangana, now the newly formed state was once ruled by the kings of Satavahana dynasty
, Kakatiya Dynasty
, Rashtrakuta Dynasty
and the Chalukya Dynasty
. Later in the modern age, after the decline of Mughals, Nizams came into existence with the patronisation of British East India Company and the British Government. After India's independence and the transfer of power from Nizams, the Telangana Rebellion began. The Telangana Rebellion was a peasant revolt supported by the communists. It took place in the former princely state of Hyderabad between 1946 and 1951. It was led by the Communist Party of India
. Telangana Rebellion revolt began in the Nalgonda district against the feudal lords of Reddy
and Velama castes. It quickly spread to the Warangal and Bidar districts. After a long struggled rebellion Telangana was formed.
Geography of Telangana
Telangana, the newly formed state in India with the capital, Hyderabad, is bordered by the states of Andhra Pradesh to the south and east, Maharashtra to the north and north-west, Karnataka to the west and Chhattisgarh to the north-east. Telangana has an area of 114,840 square kilometres and a population of 35,286,757. Hyderabad, Secunderabad, Warangal, Karimnagar and Nizamabad are the major cities in Telangana State. These cities are of tourist importance.
Districts of Telangana
Telangana came into existence with the ten districts of Andhra Pradesh like Adilabad district
, Hyderabad district
, Karimnagar district
, Khammam district
, Mahbubnagar district
, Medak district
, Nalgonda district
, Nizamabad district
, Rangareddy district
, Warangal district
Climate of Telangana
The annual rainfall of Telangana is between 900 to 1500 millimetres in northern Telangana and 700 to 900 mm in southern Telangana, from the southwest monsoons.
Various soil types abound, including chalkas, red sandy soils, dubbas, deep red loamy soils, and very deep soils that facilitate planting mangoes, oranges and flowers. At about 45% of the forest area of Andhra Pradesh is located in five districts of Telangana.
Tourism of Telangana
Telangana covers the pilgrimage, leisure and nature tourism. As Hyderabad is the capital city of Telangana, one can see the famous Charminar
there, which was at Andhra Pradesh
from the time of Mughals. Other important sites of tourist importance are Makkah Masjid
, Falaknuma Palace
, Golconda Fort
, Salar Jung Museum
, Bhadrachalam, Elgandal fort, Bhongir fort
, Domakonda Fort
and many others. The temples of Telangana are Visa Balaji Temple, Ramappa Temple
, Thousand Pillars Temple
, Vemulavada, Tandur, Yadagirigutta Temple, Bhadrachalam Temple and many other temples.