Medak is a district of the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is about 70 km from Hyderabad on the way to Mumbai. It comes under the meteorological subdivision Telangana. Sangareddi is the district headquarters of Medak. It is a small district located 60 kilometers north of Hyderabad
and lies in the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh.
History of Medak District
Initially the district was known by the name Siddapur Medak but with passage of time, the prefix Siddapur lost its glory and with popular usage the district came to be known as Medak. In the initial days the region was ruled by the kings belonging to the Kakatiya Dynasty
. The Medak fort built in the 12th century stands as an epitome of the Kakatiya dynasty in the region. In fact the fort testifies the glorious heritage of the district.
Geography of Medak District
The district is located at a juncture of 18.03° North latitude 78.27° East longitude. The average elevation of the region is 442 meters. The district has been divided into 52 mandals. The area encompassed by the district is equal to 9699 square kilometers.
The climate of Medak is of a tropical variety with hot and dry summers. March to May is the summer months of the region. Rainfall is generally brought in the district of Medak by the south-west monsoon winds and the rainy season extends from June to September. The winter season in Medak is from December to February. As far as vegetation is concerned around one-tenth of the district is covered by forests. These forests in turn provide high-quality teak to the region.
Demography of Medak District
According to the census of 2001, the population in the district was 1, 41,916. The density of population in the district is 274 persons per square kilometer. Almost half the population in the district is qualified as literates. But in Medak there are more male literates than the number of female literates. On the contrary the number of males and the number of females in the district are almost equal to each other. Around 13 percent of the population in Medak is below six years of age.
Culture of Medak District
Medak district has a typical Telangana culture. But as far as religion is concerned the district has been influenced by Hinduism
, Islam and even Buddhism
. The influences of these religions in the district can be well understood from the several architectural constructs.
As far as religion is concerned most of the households in Medak adhere to Hindu religious beliefs. Followed by Hinduism is Islam and only a very few people in the region belong to Christianity.
Economy of Medak District
Medak district is primarily a house to agriculturists and farmers. Around 78 percent of the population in Medak is engaged with farming activities. The main crops that are grown in the region are Rice, Cotton, Turmeric, Jowar, Arhar, Maize, Chillies, Sugar Cane and Sesame. But in the recent areas industries have ushered into the economy of Medak because the government of Andhra Pradesh wanted to bring about industrialization in the backward areas. In regions like Khazipally, Pashamailaram, Gaddapotharam, Bolaram, Bonthapally and in some other areas of Medak district industries have flourished to a large extent. In the last 29 years around 320 industries have grown in the district of Medak. The industries which have primarily come up in the area are pesticides, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and steel rolls. Thus it can be concluded that the main contribution in the economy of Medak is from agricultural sector but in the present age industries have played an important role.
Tourism in Medak District
Medak district has various exciting scenery to visit and admire. There are several tourist spots in the district which attract the tourists throughout the year. The tourist destinations of the place take the form of ancient monuments, religious places and animal reserves.
The Medak Fort and the Medak Church
are epitomes of architectural excellence. The Medak Fort is splendour in the region of Medak and the Church takes the onlookers in the Gothic era because the architectural pattern of the Church closely reflects Gothic styles and designs. The Wildlife Sanctuary at Medak is also another prime tourist attraction. It is inhabited by a number of animal species including leopards, forest cats, wild dogs, wolves, sambar, four-horned antelope and a lot more rare species which bring in a lot of people to Medak.
Apart from these historical pieces of architecture and the animal reserve there are number temples which are an integral part of the district. The temples of Medak are fascinating in terms of architectural style. Some of the famous temples of the region are Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Sri Kasi Vishweshwara Temple and the temple in the Edupailu region of Medak. As Medak is enriched with several sight seeing scenes it can be said that Medak is a haven for the tourists.
Although Medak is a small district yet it is strategically important and is known for the several historical as well as religious tourist spots.