(Last Updated on : 05/07/2014)
Warangal District is located in Telangana and Warangal city is its district headquarters. The district is located 157 kilometers away from the state capital Hyderabad
, the joint article of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The district is well known for its wonderful lakes, magnificent temples and abundant wildlife. In the early era Warangal had been the capital of the Kakatiya Dynasty for a long period of time.
History of Warangal District
The district of Warangal had been ruled by the Kakatiyas and the Tughlaqs of Delhi. During the rule of the Kakatiyas architecture and crafts had reached the pinnacle of success. The early name of Warangal was "Orukal" and it had served as the capital of city of the Yadava king of the Kakatiya dynasty
. The Kakatiya Dynasty was succeeded by the Qutab Shahis" of Golkonda and later on it came under the domination of the Nizams of Hyderabad
. Hence it can be said that Warangal had come under the influence of some prominent rulers and was accordingly influenced by them. In other words Warangal has widely varied history.
Geography of Warangal District
The district of Warangal has an area of 12,846 square km. It is bounded by Karimnagar in the north, Khammam in the east, to the west is the Medak district
and the district of Nalgonda lies to the south-west of Warangal. It has been divided into 51 mandals. Warangal being located in the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh has a hot and dry climate. The hottest season of the region is the month of May and the south-west monsoon winds bring rainfall to the region of Warangal. The annual rainfall of the area is 1048.1 mm. The winters in the district are mild and comfortable and it can be said that winter is the best season to visit the district.
Demography of Warangal District
Warangal has a population of 32.46 lakh. Out of which there are more males as compared to the number of females. Similarly the percentage of rural population in the district is also more than the number of urban population. The literacy rate in the district is 49.14 percent.
Education of Warangal District
Warangal city in the district has been an important seat of education. The Regional Engineering College of Warangal presently known as the National Institute of Technology adds to the pride of the district. Apart from this institute of national importance there are also other institutes in the district of Warangal which can be considered as important seats of knowledge for the district. In Warangal there are also some institutes which cater to the education of women. Thus it can be said that education in the district of Warangal is not backward but still there is ample scope for development in the area.
Economy of Warangal District
The main occupation for the people of Warangal is agriculture. Most farmers in the region grow rice for both subsistence as well as commercial purposes. In the 1990s cotton had been a major cash crop of the region and as a result cotton was also used for commercial purposes by the people of Warangal. The industrial sector has forever been neglected in Warangal. Even the industries which were present during the time of Nizams had also closed down. In spite of the fact that Warangal is strategically well located yet there has been only very less initiative on the part of government to set up more and more industries in the area. The district of Warangal is also well known for granite quarries.
Tourism in Warangal District
Warangal has become an important tourist centre in the state of Telangana because of its splendid temples, beautiful lakes and rich flora and fauna. Several lakes, forts, Architectural Monuments, Musical Garden, Vana Vigyana Kendra, Wild Life Sanctuary, Rock Garden and Regional Science Centre have been quenching the thirst of tourist's world wide. It can be said that the tourist attractions in the district of Warangal have been a proper blend of tradition as well as modern innovation. Some of the architectural wonders of Warangal district are Thousand Pillars Temple
built in the 12th century, Ghanpur Group of Temples, Ramappa Temple which is as old as 12th century and the Warangal Fort. Some of the lakes and other recent attractions of the district are Ramappa Lake, Lakhnavaram Lake, Pakhal Lake, Musical Garden, Etunagaram Wild Life Senctuary and a lot more. As far as accommodation and transportation in the district of Warangal is concerned it is well developed and is very helpful to the tourists.