(Last Updated on : 18/06/2014)
Hyderabad is the common-capital of Andhra Pradesh and Telengana. Hyderabad is the old medieval city of smiles, lights, of a thousand faces, endearingly called the Pearl City of India.
History of Hyderabad
Hyderabad has over 400 years of history. Founded by the Sultans of Golconda in the 16th century, the town was plundered and destroyed following the Mughal occupation in 1685. Hyderabad is a heady mixture of heritage, traditionally hospitality and a thriving software revolution. Hyderabad with its rich cultural backdrop is famous for its Bangles and Ivory products. It is also famous world over for its fabulous diamond markets glass embedded bangles and the delectable Hyderabadi cuisine.
Hyderabad has a Hindu - Muslim culture with a number of monuments of historical importance. There are no forests in this district, and this district is the smallest district in Andhra Pradesh and the densest one in the whole State. A walled city, it has many buildings in a blend of Hindu and Muslim style. India's First Cigarette Charminar was produced from Vazir Sultan Tobacco factory situated at Azamabad area, which has more than a Hundred years of manufacturing experience on this branded Cigarette. Apart from this Many Public Limited Companies like B.H.E.L, H.A.L, D.R.D.O, M.I.D.H.A.N.I, N.F.C, E.C.I.L, C.I.T.D, H.M.T etc are placed in Hyderabad.
The gleaming bazaars of the Hyderabad, in the midst of which stand the 400-year-old Charminar
, the modern shopping complexes and ultra-modern malls in the newer areas of the city add to the charm of Hyderabad. The Golconda fort
, capital of the kingdom by that name, is today very much part of the city, as is Cyberabd, a new local area created to keep pace with the zooming Information Technology sector. Pearls, bangles, silks, computer software, handicrafts and above all a delectable cuisine add to the splendour of this great city. Hyderbad, being capital city is well connected by Road from all major cities in Andhra Pradesh
Legend says that, in 1586 Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah, the fifth ruler of the Qutub Shahi dynasty
founded a new city along the banks of Musi River for his ladylove, Bhagmati. The city was then called Bhagyanagar. Later when Bhagmati entered the royal family, she was honoured with the title Hyder Mahal and Bhagyanagar became Hyderabad. In 1724 Hyderabad became the capital of the independent kingdom if Hyderabad.
Tourism in Hyderabad
Hyderabad offers a fascinating panorama of the past, with a richly mixed cultural (Muslims and Colonial) and historical tradition spanning 400 colourful years. Some of the tourist attractions include Charminar, Asman Garh Palace, Mecca Masjid, Taramati Baradari, Salar Jung Museum, Nehru Zoological Park and many others.
Located 24 km to the north of Secunderabad, Shamirpet has a beautiful lake and a deer park. Its peaceful environs make it a great picnic spot. Andhra Pradesh Tourism and now Telangana Tourism offers comfortable cottage facilities for accommodation.
Asman Garh Palace
Asman Garh Palace was designed and built by Sir Osman Jah, a noble belonging to the Paigah family and one time Prime Minister of Hyderabad State. The granite turrets and arched windows of Asman Garh stand atop a hill some distance ahead of the Hyderabad TV tower. The palace now houses an archaeological museum.
Shilparamam is a crafts village at Madhapur, set amidst lovely rocks, rippling waterfalls and gorgeous lawns, about 14-km from Hyderabad. It showcases various art forms and handicrafts of various artists from all over the State. Here Indian festivals are celebrated in the most traditional way and unique festivals bring together talents from the world over. The annual All-India Festival of Arts and Crafts held here in February brings to the limelight the cultural and artistic traditions from every nook and corner of the country and is a unique opportunity to take home a piece of India. It also has the amphitheatre where performances ranging from classical music concerts and dances to contemporary English plays are staged.
Located at Gandipet in Hyderabad; Ocean Park is one of the first theme parks started in the twin-cities. It is a unique amusement park for the entire family and has attractions like a kiddie's pool, a 60ft high ride, the Slam Bomb, bumping cars and dry rides for people of all ages. It is also equipped with facilities like multi-cuisine restaurant.
The clock room is one of the best galleries with a collection of more than 300 clocks. The major attraction of this museum is a musical clock, which was sold by Cook and Kelvy of England. The clock is a mechanical wonder, a toy figure of a watchman who pushes open the door, emerges hour after hour in a great hurry to beat the melodious gong that indicates time. Other highlights in the museum include the "veiled Rebecca", "Mestophiles" and "the Lady with the lamp".
Overlooking the Tank Bund, the Birla Mandir presents an arresting sight when illuminated in the evening. This magnificent structure built entirely out of marble from Rajasthan, stands atop the Kala Pahad, the twin hillock of the Naubat Pahad. Built by Birla Foundation over a span of ten years, the main temple is dedicated to Lord Venkateshwara. It combines the architectural styles of the Southern and Northern Indian temples. The intricately carved gopurams (tower) at the base are in typical South Indian style, while the smooth sikhara (dome) at the top is in the North Indian Rajasthani style. The temple has beautiful marble carvings and some of them illustrating verses from the Ramayana. The inner shrine of the temple is a replica of the Venkateswara temple at Tirupati. The Birla Mandir presents a colourful spectacular sight when illuminated at night. A trip to Hyderabad remains incomplete without a visit to the enchanting Birla Mandir.
Hyderabad, now the joint capital of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana being the capital city is well connected by air from all the important cities of the country. Hyderabad being an important centre in the air transport network of south India and it is well connected with domestic and international airport at Begumpet about 16 km from the city. There are flights in either direction between Hyderabad and Bengaluru
, and Vishakhapatnam
. Hyderabad has an international airport too. Hyderabad has got its own railhead and is connected with all the major cities within the state and outside. The railway network is connected with other cities in India extensively covers the twin cities of Hydrabad and Secunderabad. The city bus service also operates from the railway station. Hyderabad, being the capital city of Andhra Pradesh, has excellent road services to adjoining states. Regular bus service connects Hyderabad with all the important places within the country. For city transportation city buses, taxis, and auto rickshaws are also available. On the crossroads of National highways 7 and 9, Hyderabad is well connected. Buses of the Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation and Private buses operate to all centres in the region. Hyderabad has an extensive network of National highways and other roads.