(Last Updated on : 01/02/2019)
Indian Mountain Ranges form an important part of the topography of India affecting climate
, lives, settlement and economy of the country. They are pristine, serene, unruffled and majestic. The swaying snow peaks
, lofty crests and emerald meadows blessed with the lush fruit
laden valleys, invite tourists, bewitching and mesmerizing them. They also have the capacity to evoke spirituality and sanctity. India begins with the dynamic area of the northern mountain
terrain varying from arid mountains in the far north to the lake
country, and then to the evergreen forests
Major Indian Mountain Ranges
The major Indian Mountain Ranges are:
1. Himalayan Mountain Range
2. Karakoram Mountain Range
3. Eastern Mountain Range
4. Satpura Mountain Range
5. Vindhya Mountain Range
6. Aravalli Mountain Range
7. Western Ghats
8. Eastern Ghats
Himalayan Mountain Range
: The Himalayas have the distinction of being the worlds highest mountain range and worlds youngest mountains. This range of mountains separates the plains of the Indian Subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. The Himalayas stretch about 2,400 km (1,500 mi) in length. Several highest peaks of the world are part of this mountain range, including Mount Everest, which is the highest mountain in the world. Kanchenjunga
is the highest point in India and the second highest mountain of the Himalayas.
Karakoram Mountain Range
: Karakoram Mountain Range is situated in the regions of Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan), Ladakh
(India) and southern Xinjiang (China) and reaches the Wakhan Corridor (Afghanistan). This mountain range has more than 60 peaks above 22,966 ft. Mount Godwin-Austen or Chhogori, the second highest mountain in the world is a part of the Karakoram Mountain Range. The Pir Panjal Range
is located in southern direction of Himalayas starting from Himachal Pradesh
and running north-west towards Jammu and Kashmir
Eastern Mountain Range:
Also known as Purvanchal Range, it is considered as an extension of Himalayas in the north-eastern part of India. This range comprises of three parts The Patkai
-Bum Hill, The Garo
Hills and Lushai Hill (Mizo Hills
). This range covers all the north-eastern states of India
which are commonly referred as Seven Sisters. Nokrek Peak is the highest peak of this region with a height of about 1,412 m (4,632 ft).
Aravalli Mountain Range
: Aravalli Mountain Range is located in the Indian states
. This range has the distinction of being the oldest fold mountains in India. Guru Shikhar
is the highest point of this range with a height of about 1,722 m (5,650 ft).
Vindhya Mountain Range
: Vindhya Mountain Range is located in the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh
, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh
. It comprises of complex and discontinuous chain of mountain ridges, hill
ranges, highlands and plateau
escarpments. Sadbhawna Shikhar or Kalumar Peak is the highest point of this range with a height of about 752 m (2,467 ft).
Satpura Mountain Range
: Satpura Mountain Range is located in the Indian states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtr
and Gujarat. More specifically, the range rises in eastern Gujarat and runs east through the border of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to the east till Chhattisgarh. Dhupgarh is the highest point of this range with a height of about 1,350 m (4,430 ft).
: Western Ghats is a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian states of Kerala
, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa
, Maharashtra and Gujarat. It has the distinction of being a UNESCO World Heritage Site
is the highest point of this range with a height of about 2695 m (8,842 ft).
: Eastern Ghats is a discontinuous range of mountains located in the Indian states of Odisha
, Andhra Pradesh
and Tamil Nadu
. Eastern Ghats comprises of thrusts and strike-slip faults all along its range. Arma Konda is the highest point of this range with a height of about 1,680 m (5,512 ft).
Other Indian Mountain Ranges
Some of the other Indian Mountain Ranges are Garhjat Hills, Zanskar Range
, Bailadila Range, Sivalik Hills
and Palni Hills