Till 320 AD, the Kushanas exercised their power here. From their hands the territory passed into the hands of the Guptas. It was during their rule, the Huns invaded this region. After the decline of the Guptas, the territory passed into the hands of the Maukharis of Kannauj. Kannauj District is an administrative district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The region became the heart of Harshavardhana's empire, from Punjab to Bengal. Modern communities in different parts of India -- Kashmir, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Bihar and Bengal -- often trace their lineage to Kannauj. During this period the Muslims invaded into Uttar Pradesh. Then the Rajputs, Jats and other local chiefs dominated the society.
After 1000AD, Uttar Pradesh became pert of Muslim Sulatanates. During the Mughal time U.P. became the heartland of what was called 'Hindustan', a name that was used to refer to India.
Agra and Fatehpur Sikri gained importantce as the capital city of Akbar, who was the great Mughal Emperor of India. After the decline of the Mugahls, many kingdoms arose as Oudh, Rohilkhand , Bundelkhand, Benaras and Nepal. It was in the 17th centurt, that the Muslims established the city of Oudh.
During the later half of the 18th century British accended to the last Mughal territory which included the Doab, Bundelkhand, Kumaon and Banaras divisions. Delhi, Ajmer and Jaipur were also included in this territory. They called it as the North western provinces. The capital was shifted twice between Agra and Allahabad.
In 1803 the British controlled this region and in 1856 seized it. During the period of 1857-58, the first struggle for liberation from the British yoke was unleashed. The revolt was badly suppressed and till independence, the state remained under the control of the British.
In 1857, after the failed freedom war the British made a major revamp and truncated the Delhi region and gave it to Punjab, and the Ajmer-Merwar region to Rajputana. It was in 1950, the state was structured and named as Uttar Pradesh.
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