Areas Protecting Flora and Fauna of Karnataka
The important national parks protecting the flora and fauna of Karnataka are Anshi National Park, Bandipur National Park, Bannerghatta National Park, Kudremukh National Park and Nagarhole National Park. Some of the wildlife sanctuaries of Karnataka are Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary, Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary, Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary and Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary. Some of the bird sanctuaries of Karnataka are Attiveri Bird Sanctuary, Bonal Bird Sanctuary, Magadi Bird Sanctuary and Gudavi Bird Sanctuary.
Flora of Karnataka
The recorded forest of Karnataka encloses an area of about 43,356.47 square kilometers. It covers about 22.61 percent of the total geographical area of the state. Evergreen and semi-evergreen forest, moist deciduous forest, dry deciduous forest, scrub and thorny forest and un-wooded forest like grassland are found in Karnataka. Eucalyptus trees are found in abundance in the Western Ghats. Teak, rosewood and casuarina beautify Karnataka. Other tree species found here are Iphigenia Mysorensis, Derris Indica, Barringtonia Racemosa, Cassia Fistula, Prosopsis Julifora, Dipterocarpus Indicus, Caryota Urens, Dillenia Pentagyna and Zizyhus Mauritania. The common species of flora include Lagerstromia Lanceolata, Adina Cordifolia, Careya Arborea, Dalbergia Latifolia, Terminalia Paniculata, T. Tomentosa and Vitex Altissima.
Fauna of Karnataka
In the forests of Karnataka, there are about 25 percent of elephants and about 20 percent of tigers. Mammals such as leopard, slender loris, gaur, wild pig, pangolin, Malabar giant squirrel, mouse deer, bonnet macaque, common langur and barking deer are found in Karnataka. The bird species found in the state are ruby throated bulbul, Indian shama, Malabar whistling thrush, orange headed trush, paradise flycatcher, great Indian hornbill, cormorant, darter, white ibis, great stone plover, cliff swallow, spoonbill, lesser whistling teal, open billed stork, painted stork, thick-knee, stony plover, pied kingfisher, common kingfisher, racket-tailed drongo and blue throated barbet. Reptiles like crocodile, tortoise, lizard, chameleon, gecko and snake are found in Karnataka.