(Last Updated on : 24/08/2013)
Districts of West Bengal lie scattered across the state located in the north-eastern part of India. The many districts of the state add to the cultural heritage of the state in terms of the variety and diversity that they provide. In most of these districts, agriculture is the backbone of the economy, and among the major crops produced here are potatoes, oilseeds, tobacco, wheat
, barley and maize
. Jute is one of the major productions in the state of West Bengal. The state of West Bengal is well known for its inclination towards art, culture and music, and this is found reflected in the districts as well. The capital of the state of West Bengal is the city of Kolkata
. West Bengal
is divided into nineteen districts. These are briefly discussed below.
also known, as Burdwan is located on the banks of the Damodar river
, and river is the biggest district in the state. It is also known as the granary of West Bengal because of its production of rice. It is one of the mineral rich districts of India. The Asansol
subdivisions are two important industrial regions of the state.
has the highest tribal population. It is known for its vast green forests, exquisite array of hills and sparkling rivers. Major industries of the district include cotton
and oilseed milling. It is dotted with temples like the famous Raghunath Mandir, built in the year 1639 with terracotta sculpture and the Ekteshwar Mandir. The high-necked terracotta horse from Bankura is a speciality of the district.
is situated in the western region of West Bengal. The district has a rich cultural tradition, which is reflected in the temples of the district. Major tourist attractions of the district include Shantiniketan
, Tarapith Temple
, Kankalipith, Bakreswar, Kenduli, Nannur and Nolhati. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people and the major crops grown are rice
, legumes, sugarcane
Cooch Behar District
is located in the north-eastern region of West Bengal with its headquarters in the town of Cooch Behar. Handicrafts made of cane, bamboo
and jute, which include mats, bags, slippers, dolls and baskets are famous all over India. The soil and climate of the district favours the cultivation of crops like pulses
, tea, rice, jute, tobacco, wheat, and potatoes.
is situated in the northern part of West Bengal. Tea, timber and tourism generate ample revenue for the district. The lofty peaks, green tea plantations and the sparkling rivers characterize this northern district. Major attractions of the district include Observatory Hill
, Lloyd`s Botanical Garden
, Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park
, and the Tiger Hill.
The important towns of the district include Kalimpong
, Sandakphu Peak
, and Phalut Peak
is the most fertile districts in the state and is spread over an area of 3,145 sq km. The district headquarters is Chunchura Town. The fertile land of the district favours the cultivation of rice, jute, sugarcane, and potatoes. Some of the important tourist attractions of the district are Bandel Church, temple of Lord Shiva
at Tarakeshwar, Imambara at Hooghly, Devanandapur and Chandannagore
. Important industries of the district are the automobile industry and a textile industry.
is located in the western banks of the Hooghly River
and the economy of the district rests on agriculture as well as industries. Rice, potatoes, coconut, and jute
are among the major crops that are cultivated here. Major industries are cotton mills, iron and steel rolling mills, glass factories, and chemical production units. The major attraction of the district is the Botanical Gardens
is a beautiful district with several tea plantations, deep forests with abundant wildlife. The district headquarters is at Jalpaiguri
. Tea and tourism are the main sources of revenue in the state. Gorumara National Park, Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary, Buxa National Park and the Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary are some of the interesting tourist destinations in the district. Siliguri
is an important town of the district.
Kolkata District is spread over an area of 3150 sq Kms. with its headquarters in the city of joy, Kolkata. Kolkata is the nucleus of commercial, administrative, academic and political activities in West Bengal. It is an exciting tourist destination and some of the prominent ones include Writers` Building, the Gothic-style High Court, Victoria Memorial
, Zoological Garden
, Dakshineswar Temple, Eden Gardens
, and Nakhoda Mosque
. Kolkata is also known as the cultural capital of India.
is spread over an area of 3,733 sq kms. The district headquarters is Engraj Bazar. The climate of the land favours the cultivation of mulberry and mango. Agriculture is the backbone of the economy. Malda is an important trading centre for rice, jute, and wheat. Major tourist destinations include Gaur, Pandua, Adina, Malda town, and Farakka.
is located at the centre of the lower Ganges valley. The seat of administration is in the town of Berhampore. The district is primarily an agricultural district and the major crops produced here are rice, wheat, jute, legumes, oilseeds, and barley. This place is famous for its historical monuments, which include Nizamat Kila, Muradbagh Palace, and Khushbagh Cemetery.
is a region of historical and spiritual significance. Nabadwip
is an important religious destination in the district. Krishnanagar
is the district headquarters of the district.
North 24 Parganas District
is situated on the eastern banks of the river Hooghly spread over an area of 4,094 sq. km. Industrial and agricultural activities are equally blended in the district. The major crops grown here are rice, jute, coconuts, potatoes, wheat, and rapeseed. Some of the important industries of the region include jute mills, petrochemicals, food processing and electronics.
North Dinajpur District
occupies an area of 3,142 sq km. and has its headquarters in Raiganj. The soil and climate favours the cultivation of paddy, jute and mesta, and sugarcane.
is located in the western part of West Bengal with its headquarters in the town of Purulia. Purulia is an important archaeological site. It is basically an agricultural district and the crops grown here are rice, maize, potatoes, groundnuts, and wheat. The district is famous for its Chau dance form. Pakhipahar and Ajodhya hills are exciting tourist destinations.
South 24 Pargana District
lies in the south-eastern region of West Bengal with its headquarters in Alipore. A large portion of the district is covered with forests. Sunderban
forests are an exciting tourist destination with its exotic wildlife and mango groves. It is the home of the protected Royal Bengal Tiger
. The northern part of the region is mostly cultivated land and rice, chilies, coconuts, and potatoes are the chief crops that are cultivated here. Bakkhali, Kakdwip, Sagardwip and Chandraketugarh are the other tourist destinations.
South Dinajpur District
has a rich cultural heritage, which is manifested, in the ruins of the place. It is one of the smallest districts of West Bengal with an agricultural base. The district administration is carried out from at Balurghat. The major rivers flowing through the district are Atryee, Punarbhaba and Tangon.
Paschim Medinipur District has been carved out of the erstwhile district of Midnapore. The district is primarily agricultural in nature with paddy being the chief cultivated crop. The district is well known for the production of mulberry and tussar silks
, and Silk saris from Midnapore are much in demand. The district is the land of freedom fighters and martyrs such as Khudiram Bose
. The culture of the district is greatly enriched by the Santhal tribe
, the Lodhas and Sabars.
Purba Medinipur District
is the other half carved out of the erstwhile Midnapore district. Educational standards are quite good in the district with a ranking of seven in literacy among the other districts. The district has an excellent transport and communication network of national highways and railways, and this has greatly facilitated industrial growth in the district. Aquaculture and shrimp farming has been taken up in a big way in the coastal belt of this district.
Thus listed are the nineteen districts located in the state of West Bengal.
* Cooch Behar
* North Dinajpur (Uttar Dinajpur)
* South Dinajpur (Dakshin Dinajpur)
* East Midnapore (Purba Medinipur)
* West Midnapore (Paschim Medinipur)
* North 24 Parganas (Uttar 24 Parganas)
* South 24 Parganas (Dakshin 24 Parganas)