Zoos in India - Informative & researched article on Zoos in India
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Home > Reference > Geography of India > Zoos in India
Zoos in India
Zoos in India are renowned tourist destinations scattered in various Indian states and are provide refuge to innumerable species of animals, birds, reptiles and mammals in captivity.
 Zoos in IndiaZoos in India are also referred as 'zoological gardens' and just like wildlife sanctuaries, zoos have a common objective of preserving the flora and fauna species in India. However, the main difference between these two is that, the zoos keep animals in captivity and within artificially created habitat, and the sanctuaries provide home to animals in their natural habitat without captivity. India has sixty four large zoos and one hundred and ninety four medium sized zoos. The zoos have a high status as the means of tourist attractions and recreational facilities. Some of the modern zoos also get engaged in captive breeding programmes, conservation study, and educational outreach. Being a vast country with plenty of mammal and other fauna species, India is home to a large number of zoos, spread all over the country. Some of the zoos in India have earned recognition and reputation all over the world for their great collection of mammals, reptiles and birds. The main objective of the zoos in India is to protect the animals in captivity and also to educate the common people about them.

Zoos of Northern India
Zoos in India Allen Forest Zoo and Lucknow Zoo in Uttar Pradesh, Pt. G.B. Pant High Altitude Zoo, Uttarakhand, ChattBir Zoo, Chandigarh, and National Zoological Park in Delhi are some of the reputed zoos in northern India. Lucknow Zoological Gardens is also called Prince of Wales Zoological Gardens and has been declared as large zoo by the Central Zoo Authority of India. It was erected in 1921 to mark the visit of the Prince of Wales to Lucknow. About 1350 animals including 130 species of birds and animals are present in National Zoological Park, Delhi. Pt. G.B. Pant, Nainital, established in 1984 provides refuge to Himalayan Bear, Snow Leopard, Tibetan Wolf, Sambar, Leopard Cat and birds like Red Junglefowl, Kalij Pheasant, Golden Pheasant, etc. ChattBir Zoo is famous for its Royal Bengal Tiger.

Zoos of Western India
Sakkarbaug Zoo, Sarthana Zoo, Kankariya Zoo and Sayaji Baug in Gujarat, Jijamata Udyaan and Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park in Maharashtra are the various zoological parks in western India. Also known as Rajiv Gandhi Zoo, it is home to creatures like vipers, blackbucks, monkeys, sloth bears, barking deer, peafowl, cobra, Indian star tortoise and others. Sakkarbaug Zoo or Junagadh Zoo in Gujarat was established during 1863 and possesses Asiatic lions. Zoos in India The Jijamata Udyaan which is currently known as Veermata Jijabai Bhonsle is considered to be amongst India's oldest zoos, made in the year 1861. About 167 types of 1103 animals comprising 45 species of fish and several Asiatic Lions survive in Sayaji Baug, Gujarat.

Zoos of Southern India
Zoos of Southern India include the zoos spread across Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala. Arignar Anna Zoological Park or Vandalur Zoo, Guindy Snake Park, Madras Crocodile Bank Trust in Tamil Nadu, Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Mysore Zoo, Nehru Zoological Park in Andhra Pradesh, Thiruvananthapuram Zoo and Thrissur Zoo in the state of Kerala are some of the well-known zoos here. Also famous as the Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens, Mysore Zoo is one of the most ancient zoos of South India containing 10 elephant, baboons, lions, tigers, green anacondas, rhinoceros, giraffes and many more. Guindy Snake Park or Chennai Snake Park Trust built in 1972 is the oldest reptile park in the nation.

Zoos in India Zoos of Eastern India
The eastern Indian states of West Bengal, Odisha, Tripura, Bihar, Jharkhand, Assam and others boast of beautiful zoos. Nandankanan Zoological Park in Odisha, created in 1960 was the oldest zoo in India to have become a part of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) in the year 2009. Nearly 1660 animals consisting of 24 species of reptiles, 54 species of birds, 42 species of mammals, etc are existent here. The first ever formally established zoo in India is the Alipore Zoological Gardens in Kolkata, West Bengal. The zoo was officially opened on 1st January, 1876 and it is also considered as the largest Zoo in India. Marble Palace Zoo, Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park in Darjeeling, Jhargram Zoo in West Bengal, Aizawl Zoo, Mizoram, Ranchi Zoo and Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan in Bihar, Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary, Tripura, Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden, Assam are the zoos located here.

Zoos in India are working with a view to educate the public about conservation of biodiversity, besides providing them a family recreational ground. Many zoos in India define their aims as education, research, and conservation, and they also take care of the animals that are incapable of living normal life in the jungles. The severely injured or critically ill animals find a safe protection in these zoos. The zoos in India are working under supervision of the Central Zoo Authority and are being run and managed by both private and government organisations. However, they were not being run and managed in an organised way for several years. The Government of India has recently issued a set of rules and regulations regarding the foundation and maintenance of a zoo and the zoos in India are bound to follow those laws. Other zoos include Indore Zoo at Indore, Madhya Pradesh, Birsa Deer Park, Ranchi in Bihar, Thim Park, Jharkhand, Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park, Gulab Bagh and Zoo and Jaipur Zoo in Rajasthan, Tilyar Zoo, Haryana and more.

(Last Updated on : 30/04/2014)
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