Location of Baran District
The district extends from 24-25 minutes to 25-25 minutes North latitude and 76-12 minutes to 77-26 minutes east longitudes. Located on the south-east corner of Rajasthan and being adjacent to Shoepur, Shivpuri district and Guna District of Madhya Pradesh, Baran district forms the boundary of Rajasthan State. It is bounded on the north-west by Kota, and on the south-west by Jhalawar district of Rajasthan. The maximum length of the district from North to South is 103 Kms. and maximum width from west to east is 104 Kms. The district lies at an altitude of 262 metres above sea-level.
History of Baran District
Baran was under the Solanki Rajputs in the 14th - 15th century. It is not exactly known as to when the main town of the twelve villages under the Solanki's was named as 'Baran'. There are many views as to the same. Some say that it was formed by twelve villages, and is therefore called Baran. Some others say that the city was built by the twelve nearby villages, and is therefore named as Baran. It is also said, that since the soil of the area is mostly Barani, the district has thus acquired its name. In the year 1948, the state of Rajasthan was formed, and Baran was then a district in Rajasthan state. On 31st March' 1949, Rajasthan was reconstituted and at that time Baran district headquarters was converted into Sub Division headquater of Kota district. It is also worth noting that 'Baran' in Urdu means rain. It is therefore no wonder that Baran has the second highest rainfall in the state after Banswara district.
Geography in Baran District
The land slopes gently northward from the high table land of Malwa in Madhya Pradesh. It is well watered, drained by rivers flowing in North and North-Eastern directions. There are hills in the South, North and Eastern portion of the district and it is generally fertile. There are hills in the east in Shahabad tehsil, having the highest point, named as Mamooni, which is 546 meters above mean sea level, in the district. These hills form part of Aravalli Mountain Ranges. Their slopes are gently and steep and they are mostly covered by woods. The land of the district slopes gently from South to North and the drainage is through Chambal River and its tributaries. The district has a dry climate except in the monsoon seasons. The winter season runs from mid-November to February and summer season runs from March to mid-June. The period from mid of June to September is the monsoon season. The months October to mid-November constitute the post monsoon or the retreating monsoon. The average rainfall in the district is 854.5mm. January is the coldest month with the average daily maximum temperature of 24.3 degree Celsius and the average daily minimum temperature of 10.6 degree Celsius.
Tourism in Baran District
There are a number of places of tourism that the district of Baran has to offer the visitors. Many ancient temples are found located all over the district, such as the Brahmani Mataji Temple, temples at Kakoni, Sitabari etc. The Shiv Mandir of the Ramgarh-Bhand Devra temples has been built in the classic style of the Khajuraho temples and is hence often known as the Khajuraho of Rajasthan. Apart from the many beautiful temples located here, there are a number of places of historical interest located here in the district. Prime among them are the many forts that have been constructed here by the erstwhile rulers and conquerors of the district.