Location of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is located in the western part Himalayas. It is bordered by Tibet and the states of Uttaranchal, Haryana, Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir. It covers an area of 21495 sq meters with the magnificent hill station called Shimla, which is located in Shimla District.
History of Himachal Pradesh
The history of Himachal Pradesh dates back to the Vedic period. The earliest inhabitants of Himachal Pradesh were the Dasas. In 550 AD, the Hindu Rajput families gained supremacy over the North Western districts of Brahmour District and Chamba District (later the Princely States were created during British era). Later Himachal Pradesh came under the hands of Mughals and British East India Company. Himachal Pradesh emerged as a tourism destination during that time. On 1st November 1956, Himachal Pradesh was recognized as a Union Territory and in 1966 the state was formed as it is today and Shimla became its capital. On 18th December, 1970 the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament and the new state came into being on 25th January, 1971.
Geography of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is spread over 55,673 square kilometers. Himachal Pradesh is enclosed on the North by Jammu and Kashmir, on the South- East by Uttar Pradesh and on the West by Punjab. The latitudinal and longitudinal limit is about 31 degree 6 minutes 12 seconds north to 77 degree 10 minutes 20 seconds east. The major rivers of Himachal Pradesh are Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Sutlej and Yamuna.
Demography of Himachal Pradesh
According to the Population Census in the year 2011, Himachal Pradesh has the total population of 6,864,602. Out of which 3,481,873 are the males and 3,382,729 are the females. Most of the people living here are Hindus and they speak in several tribal languages and Hindi language.
Culture of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is well known for its unique North Indian culture. This state is popular for handicrafts. The carpets, leather arts, paintings of Kangra, Chamba handkerchiefs, metal art and wood art are worth appreciating.
Education of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is rich in education sector. With the advent of British Imperialism, Himachal Pradesh rose into prominence in educational sector after Delhi. Some of the popular educational institutions are National Institute of Technology, Himachal Pradesh University, Central University and many others.
Economy of Himachal Pradesh
The economy of Himachal Pradesh consists mainly of agriculture. Here agro based industries are flourished from pre independence era.
Tourism in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh has exotic snow mountain peaks, striking valleys, glorious green hill-slopes, snow-capped mountains and gushing rivers. Some of the most popular tourism destinations in Himachal Pradesh are Naina Devi Temple, Vajreshwari Devi Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Manali, Dalhousie, Dharamsala and Kullu.