(Last Updated on : 21/01/2009)
The society was divided into four castes, viz., Brahmanas, Kshatriya, Vaishyas and Sudras. Mostly Brahmanas were busy in doing the works like priests, teachers and religious propagators. Mostly the ministers of Chalukyas used to be Brahmans. The Kshatriyas formed the ruling class. The Vaishyas were the traders and had organized themselves into different srenis such as vamika, mahattar and mahajana. The Sudras either served the three castes or did farming. The caste system was very rigid. There had come into being many castes and sub castes.
The ruling class of king and samantas practised polygamy. Marriages within the same gotra were not allowed. Inter-caste marriages were rare. Mostly the marriages were settled by parents but sometimes girls selected their husbands. Women were respected in the society and women could sacrifice everything for the sake of their prestige.
Wheat, rice, barley, meat and wine were the main items of their diet. Sari, kanchuki and a shawl mostly formed the main dress of women. Men usually wore dhoti, turbans, etc. Both men and women, were fond of ornaments.
Dancing dramas, animal fights and wrestling were the main means of amusement of the people. Gambling was also a favourite pastime of the king and royal families.
Education was connected with religion. Temples were the main centers of education where Brahman and Jain acharyas imported education to the students.
Shaiva religion made a great progress during the reign of the Chalukyas. The kings of this period were called 'Umapati varlabdh'. The kings of this period built many temples of siva. The broken temples of Somanath was also rebuilt during this period. The construction of 'Eka Sahastraling Talaba' and temples on all the four sides of it was also done during this period. Vaishanava religion was also prevalent but there is no as such evidences of this religion.
Buddhism was not a popular religion during this period.. However, Jainism was prevalent and the followers of this religion were increasing in number. Some Jain temples were also built during this period