Establishment of Nalanda Archaeological Museum
Nalanda Archaeological Museum was established in the year 1917 with a view to preserve the precious elements, which were excavated at the premises of the famous monastic university and from Rajgir, Bihar.
Location of Nalanda Archaeological Museum
Nalanda Archaeological Museum is located near the ruins of the famous Nalanda Mahavira.
Collections of Nalanda Archaeological Museum
Nalanda Archaeological Museum has several galleries, which hold 13463 antiquities. The entrance hall exhibits sixteen sculptures including the sculptures of Trailokya Vijay, Bodhisattvas Avalokiteshvara, Maitreya, Gautama Buddha in Varad, Dharmachakra and Bhumisparsh posture, Samantbhadra, Parshvanath and Nagaraj. A big model of excavated remains of Nalanda University was also kept in this hall.
Gallery of Nalanda Archaeological Museum
The First gallery of Nalanda Archaeological Museum consists of fifty-seven images and sculptures including Khasarpana, Heruka, Marichi, Vagesvari, Vaishali-mircle, Buddha in varad mudra, miracle of Sravasti, Surya, Lakshmi, Ganesha, Shiva-Parvati, Kuber and Rishabhanath. The second gallery contains different types of elements like terracotta, stuccos, iron implements and inscriptions. Those of the terracotta seal with legend "Sri Nalanda Mahavihariya arya bhikshu sanghasya", the stone inscriptions of Yashovarmana, Purnavarman of Vipula Srimitra, fragmentary tablet of Nidanasutta, terracotta tiles showing swastika and kirtimukha, Dharmachakra, Votive Stupas in pipal leaf motiff, sample of charred rice and a multi spouted pot related to serpent worship are also housed here and are worth mentioning.
Third Gallery of Nalanda Archaeological Museum
In the third gallery the images related to Buddhist and Bramhanical religion were preserved .The images of Buddha in boon giving pose, Tara, Prajnaparmita, Loknath, Bodhisattava padmapani, Buddha in earth touching pose, Ganesh, Surya, Kamadeva, Indrani and Vishnu are kept in this gallery.
Sculptures Collected in Nalanda Archaeological Museum
There are thirty-six stone sculptures and images in the fourth gallery among which Kinnaras worshipping kalpadrum, Vishnu, crowned Buddha in preaching pose, Gautama Buddha in Bhumisparsh-mudhra, Marichi, Vajrapni and Padmapani Bodhisattvas are the significant ones. Two big jars excavated from the premises of Nalanda University are also preserved in the museum.
Timings of Nalanda Archaeological Museum
Nalanda Archaeological Museum is open on all days from 10.00 am to 5.00 pm leaving Fridays.