Location of Zabarwan Mountain Range
Zabarwan Mountain Range is a short 32 km long sub-mountain range between Pir Panjal Range and Great Himalayan Range in the central part of the Kashmir Valley in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.
Geography of Zabarwan Mountain Range
Zabarwan Range borders the central part of the Kashmir Valley in the east of Jammu and Kashmir. It is literally the mountain range between Sind Valley and Lidder Valley on the north and south, and between the Zanskar Range and Jehlum Valley on the east and west, respectively.
Climate in Zabarwan Mountain Range
The climate of the Zabarwan Mountain Range can be summed up from the climate of Dachigam. It is a sub-Mediterranean type, with two spells of dryness from April to June and September to November. The range has irregular weather conditions with a considerable variation in the amount of precipitation. Snow is the main source of precipitation and in some parts melts till June. The annual minimum and maximum rainfall of Zabarwan Mountain Range ranges between 32 mm to 546 mm.
Natural Beauty of Zabarwan Mountain Range
Specifically Zabarwan Mountain Range is known to be what overlooks the Dal Lake and holds the Mughal gardens of Srinagar District in Jammu and Kashmir. The north end of Zabarwan Mountain Range lies in Ganderbal District in Jammu and Kashmir, while the south end lies in Pampore District of Jammu and Kashmir. The Shankaracharya Temple is built on the edge of the central part of the Zabarwan Mountain Range. The highest peak of Zabarwan Mountain Range is Mahadev Peak at 13,013 feet (3,966 m), which forms the distant background of the eastern mountain wall. On the northern slopes of the central part of the range there are three Mughal gardens built by Emperor Shah Jahan. These include Chashma Shahi, Nishat Bagh and Shalimar Garden alongside the Pari Mahal (the fairy palace). The recently built Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden in the lap of the Zabarwan Mountain Range is considered the largest tulip garden of Asia spread over 12 hectares of land.
Landforms of Zabarwan Mountain Range
The crystalline axis of the Himalayan system contains the oldest rocks, and in the northern flank of this crystalline axis is found fossili-ferous sediments of marine origin. The Zabarwan Range has crystalline rocks such as granite, schists and phyllites with embedded lime stone, which form the core of its parent range. The western region from Khanmoh to the east of Mahadev consists of shale, calacarious slates and blue limestone. The sediments composing in Zabarwan Mountain Range have been laid from Cambrian to Tertiary. The soil depth in Dachigam National Park on the slope from lower to middle reaches is less than 25 cm, and hence falls under the category of very shallow soils.
Wildlife in Zabarwan Mountain Range
Zabarwan Mountain Range possesses great Himalayan Mountain Range with rich wildlife. The Dachigam National Park, spread over 141 square km is the main feature of the range. The Dachigam National Park holds the last viable population of Kashmir stag (Hangul) and the largest population of black bear in Asia. The range is also home to musk deer, leopard, Himalayan brown bear, leopard cat, jungle cat, red fox, jackal, Himalayan wolf, serow, Himalayan yellow-throated marten, long-tailed marmot, Indian porcupine, Himalayan mouse-hare, langur and Himalayan weasel.
Culture of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir, Indian State
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Architecture Of Jammu And Kashmir
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