(Last Updated on : 09-06-2017)
Indian Himalayan Regions cover up a huge part along the country's northern frontiers and span several Indian states
like Jammu and Kashmir
, Himachal Pradesh
. The Himalayan mountain range
extends along India's northern boundary. Himalaya is a Sanskrit
word which means "the Abode of Snow". The term 'Himalaya' was coined by the pilgrims of India who traveled and explored this region in the ancient times. It is important to note that the division of the Indian Himalayan Regions is entirely based on the various ranges and not on the boundaries of the states. Given below are the various Indian Himalayan Regions.
The northern boundary of Kashmir is formed by the great Himalayan axis that runs southeast from Nanga Parbat to Nun-Kun
. Beyond this, to the northeast lies Ladakh
, to the east lies Zanskar
and towards the southeast lies Kishtwar
. They all form part of the state of Kashmir, but they hold separate geographical
entities for the mountaineers and have parts of the Himalayan Mountain range.
comprises of the ladakh range to the north of Leh
. This range is considered to be a significant part of the Trans-Himalayan range which joins the Kailash
range in Tibet. Two significant passes of the region are Khardung La
and Digar La.
comprises of the Zanskar Range which is located north of the main Himalaya. This range separates Zanskar from Ladakh. Zanskar is positioned south of the Ladakh district and is surrounded by high mountain
s. The range is a part of the Tethys Himalaya. It has an average height of about 6,000 m (19,700 ft). Fatu La is one of the main passes of the region.
comprises of mountain ranges in the state of Uttarakhand. These mountain ranges are known to cross the Garhwal division
and the Kumaon division
. Garhwal Himalaya comprises of cities
. It also comprises of hill stations
Central Garhwal Himalaya
Central Garhwal Himalaya comprises of the mountain area around the Saraswati-Alaknanda
river system and the Dhauli Valley. The region has considerable significance in Hindu mythology
reclines next to the Garhwal region and is situated in the Great Himalayan Range. In fact, it is often confused with the Garhwal region itself. Kumaon region comprises the three districts of Nainital, Almora
. This region is bordered by Mahakali
in the east, towards Nepal and the districts of Chamoli
and Pauri Garhwal
in the west.
Kinnaur Himalaya comprises of a mountain in Kinnaur district
in the state of Himachal Pradesh called Kinnaur Kailash
. At its highest point, Kinnaur Kailash reaches a height of about 6050 meters (19,850 ft). This mountain is holy for Hindu and Buddhist
Eastern Karakoram Himalaya
Eastern Karakoram Himalaya comprises of the Eastern Karakoram Range
, which separates India from Central Asia. The mountain peaks like Saltoro Kangri
and Teram Kargri
are parts of the range. This area offers ample scope for exploration as well as climbing
constitutes some part of the Eastern Himalayas, which is known for heavy rain
s. It is one of the more physically accessible sections of the Himalayan mountain range. It can be accessed from the state of Kolkata
The term Assam Himalaya
was originally applied to the entire Himalayan chain that stretched eastwards from Pauhunri to Namcha Barwa. Unfortunately, the portion of the Himalayan Mountain range lies mainly in Bhutan and is properly called Bhutan Himalaya. The erstwhile mega-province of Assam has lost its Himalayan frontier to Arunachal Pradesh
Significance of Indian Himalayan Regions
Himalayan Mountain chain of the Indian Himalayan Regions acts as a barrier against enemy attacks. It is known that this mountain chain has acted as a predominant factor in affecting the lives of the people who are living in the Indian Himalayan Regions. The mountain chain has been fascinating the inhabitants of the country for centuries. It has beautified the Indian Himalayan Regions and invites tourists, thereby playing an important role in the economy
of the country. The regions of Indian Himalaya also offer trekking
options to the tourists.