(Last Updated on : 06-07-2017)
South Indian Dances are originated in the temples
as a means to praise the Gods
which were performed by Devadasis
and gradually the concept of dancing girls originated who started nurturing the art
in the courts of the kings. South Indian states
comprise of Tamil Nadu
, Andhra Pradesh
, and Kerala
which offer varied and interesting culture, cuisine and art form. Though visibly diverse forms exist in the southern states, yet they are a part of the important culture of India
The South Indian Culture is mainly a celebration of the eternal universe. Thus South Indian Dances are the embodiment of the outline of expression, social interaction or presented in a spiritual or performance setting. The states
have popular form of dances which include classical, folk
and modern forms. The dances of South India have a long and elaborate history
. During the medieval era in India, South Indian Dances prospered with the support of various kings and art-admirers.
Different types of South Indian Dances
The dances such asBharatnatyam
thrived as popular classical dances of the region. These dance forms originated from the days of the creation of the Natya Shastra
. Following are the different types of South Indian Dances:
: The classical Indian dance
Bharatanatyam was invented from the art of temple dancers
in the South India state of Tamil Nadu. Bharata Natyam is considered to the oldest form of dance and mother of all other types of classical dances in India.
: Kathakali is one of the most attracting classical Indian dance-drama
presented by well trained artists. Kathakali was originated in Kerala in 17th century and got well-liked at every corner of India.
: Kuchipudi is the most well-liked traditional dance form in South India performed with violin
and the tambura instruments
and the characters first initiates themselves by the dharavu. Kuchipudi Dance originated in Andhra Pradesh state and got its name from Kuchipudi village near the Bay of Bengal
: Odissi is the oldest existing dance form in India that originated from state of Odisha
. Odissi Dance is traditional and a very old style of dance performed in the temples.
: The Mohiniyattam is a popular dance form with a drama
in dance, performed with delicate gestures and footwork. Mohiniyattam is another classical dance style from Kerala and one of the eight principal Indian classical dances.
Padayani or Paddeni Dance
: Padayani or Paddeni is connected with the festivals of certain temples. Padayani dancers wear Kolams
of different shapes, colours and designs, painted on the stalks of areca nut fronds.
Kummi and Kolattam Dance
: Kummi is a very easy form of dance, where dancers form circles and clap as they dance. Kummi and Kolattam are the dances performed by the tribal women
of Tamil Nadu, during certain festivals.
Kargam and Puli Vesham Dance
: It is performed by men, in which they balance pots, filled with raw rice
and enclosed by a tall pointed bamboo frame covered with flowers
, on their head.
: Theyyam, also recognized as Kaliyattom, is a ritualistic folk dance of Kerala
. It flourished in North Kerala and suppose to have the characteristics of a socio-spiritual ceremony.
: The Perini Thandavam is a male dance of the warriors. The warriors performed this leading dance in front of the idol of Nataraja
or Lord Shiva
, before leaving for the battlefield.
Thapetta Gullu Dance
: In the Thapetta Gullu dance more than ten persons participate. The participants or performers sing songs in the praise of local goddess. Thapetta Gullu is a folk dance form of Srikakulam district
, Andhra Pradesh.
: Lambadi is performed at the time of marriages
and other significant social occasions. Its a semi-roving tribe found all through Andhra Pradesh.
: Kolkali is an imperative mens dance in Kerala. The artists move in a circle, with short timber sticks in their hands. Men wear easy white dhotis and keep their upper bodies bare. They dance in pairs, striking the sticks together in rhythm.
: It is an essential womens dance. The dancers move in a circle around a lit cheek lamp, at times clockwise and sometimes anticlockwise. They sing songs and clap their hands.
Kavadi Attam Dance
: This dance is performed in worship of Lord Murugan. The Kavadi consists of a wooden pole, to the ends of which are fixed pots filled with milk
or coconut water, or other items of present. The Kavadi was a method of carrying offerings to the gods during pilgrimages.