(Last Updated on : 23/01/2009)
The Aravalli mountain ranges are the oldest ranges in India, making it a paradise for the trekkers. Its beauty has always attracted tourists from far and wide. The topography of the ranges abounds in undulating meadows, dense jungles, lakes and so on. These mountain ranges are located in the western India running approximately 300 miles from northeast to southwest across Rajasthan
state. Towards the north it continues as rocky ridges and isolated hills into Haryana
ending into Delhi
. The aravallies were formed due to erosion of ancient mountain folds.
Being the oldest mountain ranges in India, the aravallis have always attracted tourists from India and abroad. If one is looking for an adventurous, action packed holiday then the aravallies can be the ultimate destination. It is considered to be unique for trekkers as this place abounds in dense jungles, undulating meadows, lakes and so on. These ranges constitute some of the finest places like Mount Abu which is 1300 m above the sea level, Kumbhalgarh fort, Udaypur which is ideal for trekking,the jain temples of Ranakpuri, the wildlife sanctuary. One can trek from Abu Road to Guru Shikhar, the highest peak of Aravalli
; Thandi Beri to Kumbhalgarh Fort or Ranakpur to Rawali Tatgarh.
The Aravallies have added up to the beauty of Rajasthan to a great extent. They are heavily forested and therefore is the refuge of birds and animals. Human beings have degraded the natural environment to an extreme as a result of which deforestation has taken place. Still wherever there are thick reserves the original inhabitants and the migrant species are still preserved. It has been observed that there is a rise in the ground level when the Aravalli range is traced north to the Himalayas
. This rise in the ground level has in fact led to the turning of the river Yamuna
eastwards to join the river Ganges
To the North West of the Aravallies are Jodhpur
, Jaisalmer, Barmer
regions, it is the home of arid plains and the shifting sad dunes of the great Thar Desert. In northern parts of Aravallies various forms of sacred groves are maintained. These are known askankar bani, rakhat bani, dev ouranya, vall and dev bani. These groves constitute a larger area and are found in plenty. These groves can be classified into three distinct groups. The first group consisting of the ones close to the village and the water source. Such groves are also at the top of small hillocks in Aravallies, where people worship Bheruji, Bawsi and Mataji.
The Aravallies act as a natural device between the Thar desert and the rest of the country. I also acts as a drainage device between east and west flowing rivers of the North Western Indian and represent a transition zone climatically and vegetatively. Due to their location and extent, difference in altitudinal and rainfall the vegetation is rich and varies greatly from tropical thorn forests to semi evergreen forests. The Aravallies are one of the oldest chains in the world and they have influenced the natural and human history of the region.