Dams in Andhra Pradesh - Informative & researched article on Dams in Andhra Pradesh
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Home > Reference > Geography of India > Resources in India > Water Resources in India > Dams in India > Dams in Andhra Pradesh
Dams in Andhra Pradesh
Dams in Andhra Pradesh are known for their role in providing water for irrigation, drinking and production of hydroelectricity.
 
 Dams in Andhra Pradesh Dams in Andhra Pradesh serve the purposes of irrigation, thermal power and drinking water to all the districts of the state. The colossal dams not only supply water for irrigation and are the source of hydro electricity but are also regarded as the popular tourist spots. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Srisailam Project, Srisailam Dam, Nizam Sagar Dam, Joorala project, Telugu Ganga Project and Osman Sagar Dam are some of the prime dams in Andhra Pradesh, primarily serving irrigational purposes. The dams, barrages and projects are carried out in Andhra Pradesh particularly on rivers like Penner, Musi, Tungabhadra, Godavari and Krishna.

The Shriram Sagar Reservoir, Dowleswaram Barrage, Inchampalli irrigation project, Dummaguden Dam are constructed across the Godavari River in Andhra Pradesh. Tatipudi Reservoir was constructed across River Gosthani in Vizianagaram District of Andhra Pradesh. Yellampalli project or the Sripada Sagar project stands on Godavari River in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh.

The Ramagundam dam is a thermal project built in Andhra Pradesh. Singur Dam was constructed in Andhra Pradesh in 1989. Sunkesula Barrage is constructed on the Tungabhadra River in Andhra Pradesh. Nagarjuna Sagar Tail Pond Project is constructed at downstream of Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, across River Krishna in Andhra Pradesh. The Pulichintala Project is also build over the Krishna River at Pulichintala Village in Andhra Pradesh. Prakasam Barrage was build across the River Krishna in 1855. Gandipalem Reservoir and Somasila Dam are built on the River Penner in Andhra Pradesh. The Dindi Reservoir is constructed in Andhra Pradesh for the purpose of irrigational water. Himayat Sagar Reservoir is constructed across the Musi River in Andhra Pradesh.
Dams in Andhra Pradesh
Nizam Sagar Dam
The Nizam Sagar Dam is one of the major dams in Andhra Pradesh which is located at a distance of 144 km to the northwest of Hyderabad. This reservoir was built on the Manjira River, which is a tributary of the Godavari River. The surroundings of the Nizam Sagar Dam are well-known as one of the major tourist destinations in Andhra Pradesh. Huge volume of water from this reservoir and also from the river is released to the twin cities of Secunderabad and Hyderabad.

Somasila Dam
Somasila Dam in Andhra Pradesh stands on the Pennar River. The Somasila Dam is constructed over the river Pennar River in a small town by the name of Somasila in the district of Nellore in Andhra Pradesh. The place is famous for Somasila Water Project constructed across the River Penner. The Somasila Water Project was constructed during the period of Chief Minister N.T. Rama Rao. This project has become very vital as far as agriculture in the state is concerned. It supplies water to several agricultural fields of different villages in Andhra Pradesh.

Prakasam Barrage
The construction of Prakasam Barrage was started in 1852 and completed in 1855. The barrage started to work officially since 1957 and it helps irrigating over 12 lakhs of acres. The magnificent structure of this barrage extends to a distance of 1223.5 meters over the Krishna River. The Prakasam Barrage also acts as one of the major road bridges in Andhra Pradesh spanning over a beautiful lake. The richness in the field of agriculture for the state of Andhra Pradesh is due to the Prakasam Barrage. This has become one of the major tourist destinations.

Dindi Reservoir
The Dindi Reservoir is constructed between the area of Brahminepalle and Dindi on Krishna River. The geographical condition of the region is flat with a very lesser number of canals and large areas of cultivated lands. Apart from the Dindi Reservoir, there are many more canals in the region.
Dams in Andhra Pradesh
Lower Manair Reservoir
Another Dam in the state is the Lower Manair Reservoir which is located at Karimnagar district in Andhra Pradesh. The construction work of the Lower Manair Dam was initiated in the year 1974 and the same was fully completed in the year 1985. During monsoon, water in the reservoir increases in large volumes.

Tatipudi Reservoir Project
The Tatipudi Reservoir Project, built from the period 1963 to 1968, is constructed across the Gosthani River. The Tatipudi Reservoir Project provides water for the irrigation of a total of 15,378 acres land in the Vizianagaram district. It also forms the major source of drinking water for Visakhapatnam. This Project uses 3.325 TMC of the water and the storage capacity of reservoir is about 3 TMC.

Srisailam Dam
The Srisailam Dam is situated across the River Krishna at Srisailam in the district of Kurnool. This is one of the major dam projects of the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is also one of the 12 largest hydroelectric projects in India. The Srisailam Dam is constructed in a deep gorge in the Nallamala hills and it is placed 300 meters above sea level. The Srisailam Dam provides water for irrigation to about 800 sq km of land in the districts of Kurnool and Cuddapah.

Singur dam
The construction of the Singur dam was completed in the year 1989. The huge reservoir constructed by the Singur Dam forms the primary source of electric power, water for irrigation and drinking water in the nearby areas. Due to the construction work of the Singur Dam, a large number of residents of that surrounding area had to relocate their dwellings resulting in the lost of their livelihoods. Afterwards, the Hyderabad Sanitation Project and Water Supply extended a helping hand towards displaced persons and helped them in resettling.

Gandipalem Reservoir
The Gandipalem Reservoir was constructed with the aim of saving the lives of a large number of people of different villages in Udaygiri Mandal from famine in the summer season. Another major objective behind the construction of the Reservoir was to provide water for the irrigation of about 600 sq km of land which are located far away from Pennar River. The major source of water for the Gandipalem reservoir is the Manneru River.

Dams in Andhra Pradesh Osman Sagar
The Osman Sagar is an artificial lake in the city of Hyderabad. It is famously called Gandipet and the lake is about 46 sq km and possesses a reservoir covering an area of 29 sq km. Osman Sagar Dam was built in the year 1920 by damming the River Musi, for supplying drinking water to the people of Hyderabad and also checking the devastation caused by flood to the city. During the rule of Mir Osman Ali Khan, the seventh Nizam of Hyderabad, the city witnessed a flood of devastating nature which subsequently led to the construction of this dam and the name also came from it.

Ramagundam Dam
The Ramagundam dam is situated in Karimnagar in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The approved capacity of the Ramagundam dam is 2600 MW. The sources of water for this dam are the Sri Ram Sagar Dam build across the River Godavari and a canal from the Pochampad Reservoir. The states benefiting from the Ramagundam dam are Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Kerala, Goa, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

Dummaguden Dam
Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation Limited took up the lead for the construction of the Dummaguden Dam across the Godavari River in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The Dummaguden Dam is at the Pamulapally village of the Bhadrachalam area in the district of Khammam. The Government invested at about Rs.1, 700/- crores for the construction of this hydel-based dam.

Himayat Sagar Reservoir
Himayat Sagar reservoir is situated in the city of Hyderabad, the capital city of the state of Andhra Pradesh. The Himayat Sagar reservoir is constructed over the River Musi and the construction work was completed in the year 1927. The Himayat Sagar reservoir serves the purpose of drinking water for the people of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.

Shriram Sagar Reservoir
Shriram Sagar Reservoir in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh generates 27 MW power and provides water to irrigate 18 lakh hectors of land. The Shriram Sagar Reservoir was constructed on the Godavari River. It is also the first reservoir in the state of Andhra Pradesh which was built on the River Godavari.

Another reservoir in Andhra Pradesh is the Musi Reservoir. It is within the district of Nalgonda and is constructed across the Musi River.

Dams in Andhra Pradesh act as the major source of water for irrigation and also help in regulating excess water which goes on to check the excess flood. Apart from serving as the major sources of irrigation, the Andhra Pradesh dams also serve as the most favourable tourist destinations.

(Last Updated on : 28/02/2012)
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