(Last Updated on : 16/04/2015)
Lord Surya is the source of life, light and all energy in the cosmos. There is no alternate to the life-giving rays of the Surya Dev. He is the most powerful and majestic visible Devata. Surya Dev has also played role of Master-Guru for many Devatas, number of Seers and Devotees. The three worlds have the sun as their source of origin. The entire universe including Devas, Asuras and human beings originates from him. The brilliance of the deities namely Rudra
, the splendour of the leading Brahmins and heaven-dwellers of great refulgence, and of all the worlds is lord Sun-the soul of all, the lord of all-Devas as well as human beings. The sun alone is the root cause of three worlds. He alone is the greatest deity. There are large number of kings and rulers around the world, who represent Solar Dynasty.
It has been mentioned in the Brahma Purana
that everything is born of Lord Surya; everything is dissolved in him. He is the cause of origin and destruction of the universe. The following units of time have their origin in the Sun-god like moments, Muhurta
(units of 48 nets), days, nights, fortnights, months, years, seasons and Yugas.
Lord Surya is tawny in spring; during summer he resembles gold, he is white during rainy season; he is pale, grey during autumn; he is copper-coloured in early winter; he is red during late winter. Thus the colours of sun-god caused by the seasons have been recounted. The Sun-god is the dispeller of darkness. He is the deity of great brilliance and is considered the Supreme Soul. Lord Surya is also the cause who brings about the change of seasons in the universe and it is also the sun-god which acts as the pivot of the entire universe.
Various treatises and Indian Puranas
say that there are many names of Lord Surya. And each name of Surya Dev refers to a quality of consciousness. Some of the names of the sun-god are Aditya
, Savita, Surya, Mihira, Arka, Prabhakara, Martanda, Bhaskara
, Chitrabhanu, Divakara
and Ravi. It is believed that the man who repeats the having the multiple names of the sun-god with pure mind and concentration, is liberated from conflagration of miseries and ocean of sorrows. He obtains all objects of his desire. Devotees enjoy fullness of energy, brilliance, inner light, perfect health and longevity. Their life shines like golden hue with the grace of Surya.
Lord Surya is worshipped in various forms throughout India. The Arka form is worshipped in North India and Easten part of India. The Konark temple
is dedicated to Lord Surya. In Uttar Pradesh
the sun temple named Balarka Surya Mandir is also well known. He is also known as Mitra
for his nourishing properties. This form is mostly worshipped in Gujrat.
Sunday is the day of Lord Surya. It is recommended to listen to Sahasranam and other stotras of Surya Dev on Sunday