(Last Updated on : 10/09/2010)
A principal tributary of the Yamuna River is the Chambal River (also known as Charmanwati, or Charmawati), which is an important river of the Malwa Plateau. It is a perennial river, which arises at Manpura, which is in the south of Mhow town near Indore. It is in the southern slope of the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh. Geographically, the river is situated between 22° 27` North latitude and 73° 20` East longitudes at a height of 354 metres.
The river flows through Dhar district for 17 kilometers dividing the Sagar Project in the east. It flows along the Ujjain, Ratlam and Mandsaur districts, which lies in the northern portion of the Gwalior Division. The river enters a deep ravine in Rajasthan near Chourasigarh, and then flows 226 kilometers in the northeast in Rajasthan. It forms a borderline between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh for about 252 kilometers. It also forms a borderline between Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh for 117 kilometers. It enters Uttar Pradesh near Charak Nagar village and after flowing for 40 km it joins the Yamuna River. While the Chambal and the tributaries drain the Malwa region which is in the northwestern part of Madhya Pradesh, the Banas River which is the tributary of the Chambal River flows in the southeastern part of Rajasthan.
The Gandhi Sagar dam lies on the Chambal River in the Neemuch district of Madhya Pradesh.
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