(Last Updated on : 29/07/2013)
of Western India is acclaimed throughout the country for their beautiful rhythms and melodies. These songs sketch the vivid cultural heritage of the country in a delightful way. Tremendous variety can be found in the Folk Music of Western India and each type of song conveys an important theme. A deep insight into the folk life, socio-economic condition, day to day living love and many other aspects can be found in the folk music. Several great saints and poets have immense contribution in composing these enchanting melodies.
Folk Music of Maharashtra
In western India, Maharashtra
has a rich heritage of folk music. The state has provided a number of versatile and talented folk musicians to the country. Among the folk songs of this region, Lavani
is highly popular and acclaimed throughout the country. It is mostly sung by female singers and is accompanied by the percussion instrument Dholki. The song is characterized by powerful rhythm and fast tempo. Other folk songs of Maharashtra
include Gondhals and Bharuds.
Folk Songs of Gujarat
Gujarat is famous for its lively folk culture and the folk music of this state forms an integral part of it. A variety of songs prevail in the state which are sung during different occasions. Bhajans of this region include an array of compositions namely Dhol
, Katari, Prabhati etc. Certain folk songs of Gujarat depict stories along with the music. Such songs are popularly known as Sorathaa, Bellads, Duha and Chhand.
Folk Music of Goa
Goa has produced some of the most appealing and melodious folk songs that spice up the folk culture of Goa greatly. Banvarh are the folk songs sung in the Hindu religion at the demise of a person. It is a mourning song. A wedding song of Goa, known as Dhalo, is another marvellous composition which has become an intimate part of the tradition of Goa. Dulpod is a song having a quick rhythm that narrates the Goan lifestyle. During religious occasions Fughri is sung. It is popular especially during Ganesh Chaturthi
. Launim is a type of folk song that deals with legendary and religious themes. Mando represents love songs and Palnnam is a lullaby, also known as cradle song. Folk music of Goa also includes Ovi which are related to nuptial themes.
Although, a vast variety of contemporary forms of music have emerged in the country, folk music has always succeeded in maintaining its charm over years among the varying musical trends. A variety of Folk Musical Instruments accompany these songs making them even more vivacious and beautiful. Be it a celebration, a festival, mourning or a religious ritual, Folk music of Western India offers songs that suits to different moods and occasions. They also play a significant role in enriching the culture and traditions of the country.