History of Bastar District
According to the history, Bastar District and Dantewada District were part of the princely state of Bastar. After the independence of the country in 1947, the princely states of Bastar and Kanker were handed over to the Government of India. Then they were merged to form Bastar District of Madhya Pradesh. In the year 1999, the district was divided into the existing districts of Bastar, Dantewada, and Kanker, which cumulatively form the Bastar Division with the divisional head quarter at Jagdalpur. In the year 2000, Bastar District became one of the 16 districts of the newly formed state Chhattisgarh, which was earlier in Madhya Pradesh.
Geography of Bastar District
Geography of Bastar District is characterized by its vast natural forest area and prominent rivers. The total forest area of the district is roughly 7112 sq km which is more than 75 per cent of the total area of the district. The largest and the most important river in Bastar district is Indravati River which has numerous tributaries, the largest being the Pamer Chinta. The Indravati River rises from Rampur Thuamul in Orissa and flowing through the Bastar division for around 240 miles finally merges into Godavari River in Dantewada District. Owing to its rocky bed the river is not navigable. Interestingly, neither the river nor its tributaries dry up in the hot summer season. Bastar District is abundantly and richly endowed with forest resources. The forests in this district can be divided in to four belts, namely, Northern Mixed forests, Central Moist Region comprising of Sal belts, Teak belt zone and the dry region comprising mixed forests.
Tourism in Bastar District
Bastar District is home to the Chitrakot and Tiratgarh waterfalls and several other tourist attractions. Danteshwari Temple, Bastar Palace, Kutumsar Caves and Kailash Gufa and Kanger Valley National Park are some of the other major attractions of this district. This district is also popular for its art and crafts.
Bastar District is well known for the traditional Dussehra festival. It is a religious festival that attracts many tourists from all across the world.