(Last Updated on : 11/03/2013)
Samastipur District is one of the 38 districts of Bihar
is the district administrative headquarters. The modern sub-division of Samastipur (originally Shamsuddinpur) was founded by Hazi Shamsuddin Ilyas of West Bengal
. Samastipur District occupies an area of 2904 sq kms.
Geography of Samastipur district
Samastipur district is bounded on the north by the Bagmati River which separates it from Darbhanga District. On the west it is bordered by Vaishali
and some part of Muzaffarpur District
, on the south by the Ganga River
, while on its east it has Begusarai
and some part of Khagaria district
. Hindi language
is the main language spoken in the district.
Samastipur is situated on the banks of the Budhi Gandak River
. Besides Budhi Gandak other rivers are Kamala Balaan River and the Ganga River touching the south of the district. Administration of this district comprises four sub-divisions namely Dalsinghsarai, Patori, Rosera and Samastipur Sadar and 20 Community Development Blocks. The blocks are Jitwarpur, Kalyanpur, Warisnagar, Rosara, Tajpur, Morwa, Patori, Sarairanjan, Pusa, Ujiyarpur, Dalsinghsarai, Singhia, Hasanpur, Mohiuddinnagar, Bibhutipur, Bithan, Shivajinagar, Vidyapatinagar, Khanpur and Mohanpur. It has 5 towns and 1248 villages.
Demography of Samastipur District
According to the Population Census in the year 2011, Samastipur District had population of 4,254,782. Out of which the male and female were 2,228,432 and 2,026,350 respectively. The population of Samastipur District constituted 4.10 percent of total population of Bihar. The average literacy rate of Samastipur in 2011 was 63.81 compared to 45.13 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 73.09 and 53.52 respectively. The total literates in Samastipur District were 2,214,498 of which male and female were 1,333,406 and 881,092 respectively.
Economy of Samastipur District
Economy of Samastipur District is dependent on agriculture. Agriculture is the main economic occupation of Samastipur District and about 83 per cent of the total working population depends on it. Samastipur is noted for its fertile alluvial soil and its rabi crops. Wheat
and edible oilseeds
are mainly grown here.
Education in Samastipur District
Samastipur District is lacking in educational infrastructure and the literacy rate is only 45.13 percent (male 57.59 percent, female 31.67 percent). The district still lacks in good education facility. Education facilities in the district are at minimum, which includes some colleges like Samastipur College, BRB College, RNAR College, and SMRCK College. There is no professional college in the district. But this district possesses a very reputed Agricultural College in Pusa, well known as Rajendra Agricultural University Pusa.
Tourism in Samastipur District
In Samastipur District, there are various places of interest, which are worth exploring. Vidyapatinagar, Malinagar, Mangalgarh, Jageshwar Asthan, Musrigharari and Thaneshwar Temple are the major attractions of Samastipur District. All these attractions of Samastipur District offer a memorable experience to the travellers.
The medical facilities are also not adequate but there are efforts to improve the condition.