History of Amravati District, Maharashtra - Informative & researched article on History of Amravati District, Maharashtra
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesStates of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
States of India|Indian Cities|Beaches of India|Hill Stations in India|Forests in India
Home > Travel > States of India > Maharashtra > Districts of Maharashtra > Amravati District > History of Amravati District
History of Amravati District, Maharashtra
History of Amravati district can be traced back to the 11th century AD. Following its acquisition by the British, the place was modernised and a number of Government buildings were constructed herein.
 
 Ambadevi templeThe ancient name of Amravati is `Udumbravati`, and the prakrut form of this is `Umbravati`. The name was simplified as Amravati and it is now known as the same. The name is said to have emerged from the ancient Ambadevi temple situated here. The proof of the existence of Amravati in ancient times can be acquired from a stone carved inscription on the base of a marble statue of God Adinath (Jain God) Rhishabhnath. This shows that, these statues were set up here in 1097.

It has been seen from historical evidence that in the 14th century, there was famine (drought) in Amravati and the people abandoned Amravati and left for Gujarat and Malwa. The local people returned back after several years at Amravati, and the result of this was scanty population in the district. In 16th century, Mager Aurangpura (today`s, `Sabanpura`) was presented for building the Jumma Masjid by Badashah Aurangzeb. This reveals that Muslims and Hindus lived together here. In 1722, Chhatrapati Shahoo Maharaj presented Amravati and Badnera to Shri Ranoji Bhosle. By this time Amravati was known as Bhosle ki Amravati. The city was reconstructed and prospered under the rule of Ranoji Bhosle after the treaty of Devgaon and Anjangaon Surji and the consequent victory over Gavilgad (Fort of Chikhaldara).

The city of Amravati came into existence at the end of the 18th century. Union state of Nizam and the Bhosles was in existence here. They appointed a revenue officer as well. However the defences of the district were in a bad state. Gavilgad fort was conquered by the British on 15th December 1803

Under British rule, a number of constructions took place in the district and it was modernised. From 1859 to 1871, many government buildings came into existence, which were built by them. Railway station was constructed in 1859, Commissioner`s Bungalow in 1860, Small cases court in 1886, (today`s S.D.O. Office), the Tehsil office and the Main post office were built in 1871. During this time, the central jail, collector`s office, Rest house and the cotton market was also built. During 1896, Shri Dadasaheb Khaparde, Shri Ranganath Pant Mudhodker, Sir Moropant Joshi, Shri Pralhad Pant Jog were the leaders in Amravati. The 13th Congress Conference was held at Amravati on 27-29 December 1897 due to the efforts of these leaders. Shri Lokmanya Tilak and Shri Mahatma Gandhi visited Amravati in 1928.

In 1853, the present day territory of Amravati district as a part of Berar Province was assigned to the British East India Company, following a treaty with the Nizam of Hyderabad. After the Company took over the administration of the province, it was divided into two districts. The present day territory of the district became part of North Berar district, with headquarters at Buldana. Later, the province was reconstituted and the territory of the present district became part of East Berar district, with headquarters at Amraoti. In 1864, Yavatmal District (initially known as Southeast Berar district and later Wun district) was separated. In 1867, Ellichpur District was separated but in August, 1905, when the whole province was reorganized into six districts, it was again merged into the district. In 1903, it became part of the newly constituted province of Central Provinces and Berar. In 1956, Amravati district became part of Mumbai state and after its bifurcation in 1960; it became part of the state of Maharashtra.

(Last Updated on : 12/03/2010)
More Articles in Amravati District  (2)
Recently Updated Articles in States of India
Brahmins of Kerala
Brahmins of Kerala were established in the state during the middle ages. During the medieval era, between the 8th and 11th centuries, the Namboodiri Brahmins established cultural dominance in Kerala.
History of Kannur district
The History of Kannur illustrates the district`s ethnicity to a great extent.
Malayali People
Malayai people prefer to live in scattered houses in their villages. They keep their houses clean and tidy and believe in simple living. Those staying in urban areas prefer to return to their villages in middle ages and take active part in local works.
Tourism in Kozhikode district
There are some important places that can be visited while coming to the Kozhikode district.
Tourism in Kannur District
Tourism in Kannur District is an exciting experience as the district has a lot to offer. Many places of historical interest such as forts, and places of scenic beauty are located here.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on States of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Travel
 
 
History of Amravati District, Maharashtra - Informative & researched article on History of Amravati District, Maharashtra
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.