Arabian Sea - Informative & researched article on Arabian Sea
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesGeography of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Geography of India > Indian Physiography > Indian Water Bodies > Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea is a region of the Indian Ocean surrounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran.
 Arabian Sea mapThe Arabian Sea, also known, as Sindhu Sagar is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran. The west of Arabian Sea is bounded by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the northeast point of Somalia, Socotra, Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin) in India, and the western coast of Sri Lanka.

The Arabian Sea`s surface area measures about 3,862,000 Sq Km(1,491,130 sq mi). The maximum width of the Arabian Sea is around 2,400 km (1,490 mi), and its maximum depth is 4,652 metres (15,262 ft), in the Arabian Basin approximately at the same latitude as the southernmost tip of India. The Indus River, the largest river in Pakistan, also known as the Sindhu River, is the largest river flowing directly into Arabian Sea; others include the Netravathi, Sharavathi, Narmada, Tapti, Mahi, and the numerous rivers of Kerala in south India. The Arabian Sea coast of central India is known as the Konkan Coast, and that of extreme southern India is known as the Malabar Coast.

The Arabian Sea has two important branches, namely the Gulf of Aden in the southwest, connecting with the Red Sea through the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb; and the Gulf of Oman to the northwest, connecting with the Persian Gulf. Besides these larger consequences, there are the gulfs of Cambay and Kutch on the Indian coast. The islands of Arabian Sea are few and the most important one is the Socotra, off the African, and the Lakshwadeep, off the Indian coast. The countries with coastlines on the Arabian Sea are India, Yemen, Oman, Iran, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Somalia. Cities on the coast include Karachi and Gwadar in Pakistan, Mumbai (Bombay), Surat, Panjim, Mangalore, and Cochin in India, Salalah in Oman, Aden in Yemen, Chabahar in Iran, Mogadishu in Somalia and Colombo in Sri Lanka.

Arabian SeaSindhu Sagar or Arabian Sea is known to the Indians since the Vedic period of their history, and an important marine trade route in the era of the coastal sailing vessels from possibly as early as the 3rd millennium BCE, certainly the late 2nd millennium BCE through the later days known as the Age of Sail. By the time of Julius Caesar, several well-established combined land-sea trade routes depended upon water transport through the Sea around the rough inland terrain features to its north.

These routes along Arabian Sea usually began in the Far East or down river from Madhya Pradesh with transshipment via historic Bharuch (Bharakuccha) that traversed across the inhospitable coast of today`s Iran then split around Hadhramaut into two streams north into the Gulf of Aden and thence into the Levant, or south into Alexandria via Red Sea ports such as Axum. Each major route along Arabian Sea involved transshipping to pack animal caravan, travel through desert country and risk of bandits and extortionary tolls by local potentates.

Ocean trade routes have crossed the Arabian Sea since ancient times, thus connecting the Near East with East Africa, India, Southeast Asia, and China. Historically, sailors in a type of ship called a dhow used the seasonal monsoon winds to cross the water. The Arabian Sea forms part of the chief shipping route between Europe and India through the Suez Canal, which connects the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea.

(Last Updated on : 28/10/2010)
More Articles in Indian Water Bodies  (2)
Recently Updated Articles in Geography of India
Fishery in India
Fishery in India is a major industry in the country presently, thanks to the efforts of National Fisheries Development Board which has led to a considerable increment in fish production. India has rich marine fisheries to develop and exploit, with a massive ocean floor and dynamic sea currents.
Resources in India
Resources in India refer to the natural reserves that are used for the benefit of mankind and they can be categorised into Biotic and Abiotic Resources.
Lucknow Zoo
Lucknow Zoo, Uttar Pradesh was set up during 1921 inspired by the idea of Sir Harcourt Butler and its name was transformed to Lucknow Prani Udyan in 2001. About 298 birds, 463 mammals and 72 reptiles are existent inside its premises.
Amirthi Zoological Park
Amirthi Zoological Park, in Tamil Nadu, shelters a vast variety of vibrant fauna. The visitors can also cherish some other activities in the zoo like trekking and meditating.
Sakkarbaug Zoological Garden
Sakkarbaug Zoological Garden, situated in Gujarat, is the home to Asiatic lions in addition to a vast variety of other fauna and avian species. It also hosts a museum where manuscripts, animal skeletons and other interesting artefacts have been displayed.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Geography of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Arabian Sea - Informative & researched article on Arabian Sea
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.