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Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair, Indian Dancer
Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair is unanimously acknowledged as the most versatile Kathakali performer in all categories.
 Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair, Indian DancerKalamandalam Krishnan Nair is known as the most versatile Kathakali performer. He was born in Payyannur, Kannur district in 1914. He began learning Kathakali at the age of 13 from Chandu Panikkar. Vallathol Menon who was the poet and Kathakali proponent happened to see him act and took him at the age of 19, to Kerala Kalamandalam for further training.

There, under the strict discipline and experience of gurus like Pattikkantodi Ramunni Menon, Kunchu Kurup, Kavalappara Narayanan Nair, and Mani Madhava Chakiar, he became an expert in all aspects of the art and knowledge of the epics, Puranas, and other scriptures. After completing his training, he joined the Kalamandalam as an assistant teacher in 1940. Owing to his acting ability and rapid fame, the institution became synonymous with his name. Later, he was main teacher of Margi Kathakali Vidyalayam in Thiruvananthapuram and R. L. V. Institute in Thrippunithura, Ernakulam district for many years.

In his 20s Nair was known as 'Putana Krishnan' because of his excellence in bringing out the beauty and fury of the demoness Putana. He had a good height and build, handsome features, wide and expressive eyes, and flexible facial muscles that brought out all the bhavas and rasas. He achieved the 'fourfold perfection'. These fourfold functions can be mentioned as elaboration of the verses with postures and expressions according to the interpretations of a scholarly actor; mastery of hand gestures; angika or physical and sattvika or psychological aspects of acting and the perfect harmony of cholliattam i.e. acting to songs and ilakiattam i.e. acting to percussion. His minute and subtle body movements in roles like Raudra i.e. furious Bhima, Kichaka, Rukmangada, and Nala earned him a reputation. He also directed unusual episodes, such as Sakuntala, Harishchandra-charita i.e. 'Harishchandra's Life', and Chitrangada. In public life, he made it a point to highlight Kathakali and its artistes. He worked to improve their financial status; previously, many of them died penniless or without proper treatment. Till the age of 75, he performed his attractive lecture-demonstrations with aplomb. During his last years he lived in his house near Thrippunithura temple. Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair died in 1990.

(Last Updated on : 05/01/2009)
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