(Last Updated on : 26/03/2015)
Subarnarekha River is an important river of India
which has both historical and economical significance. It flows through the states of Bihar
. Two important cities lie on the bank of the Subarnarekha River namely, Ranchi
, the capital of Jharkhand and the steel city of Jamshedpur
. A multipurpose project has been constructed on this river to assist the farmers of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal
Etymology of Subarnarekha River
The river gets its name from two Sanskrit
words, 'Subarna' means gold and 'Rekha' means line or streak and two joined together becomes Subarnarekha or golden line. Another story says that gold was mined near the origin of this river at a village
named Piska near Ranchi thus the name Subarnarekha, meaning "streak of gold". Legend has it that traces of gold
were found in the river bed.
Course and Flowing of Subarnarekha River
The river has reddish blue waters
and originates near Piska/ Nagri, near Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand. It traverses a long distance through districts like Ranchi, Seraikela, Kharsawan and East Singhbhum
. Then it flows for shorter distances through Paschim Medinipur district
in West Bengal and Balasore district
of Odisha. Then it finally joins the Bay of Bengal
near Talsari. The total length of the river is 395 kilometres.
Tributaries of Subarnarekha River
The major tributaries of this river are Kharkai
, Roro, Kanchi, Harmu Nadi, Damra, Karru, Chinguru, Karakari, Gurma, Garra, Singaduba, Kodia, Dulunga and Khaijori.
Attractions of Subarnarekha River
There are various nearby attractions of Subarnarekha River. At a distance of 45 kilometers from Ranchi, Hundru Falls
is created on the course of the Subarnarekha, where it falls from a height of 98 metres. The spectacular sight of water falling from such a great height is a treat to the eyes. There is a hill station in the Chota Nagpur Plateau
region of Jharkhand. The Bhavnatha Mahadev Temple
dedicated to Lord Shiva
is situated on the banks of the river Subarnarekha.
Threats to Subarnarekha River
The river crosses through areas with extensive mining of copper and uranium ores. Thus it gets polluted due to the unplanned mining activities. This Subarnarekha River is the lifeline of tribal communities
inhabiting the Chhotanagpur region and their livelihood gets affected due to water pollution.