(Last Updated on : 03/07/2017)
Subarnarekha River has historical and economic
significance in India. This river has reddish blue water. The river
flows through the states
, West Bengal
. Multipurpose projects
executed on Subarnarekha River relate to the construction of Chandil Dam
, Icha Dam and Galudih
Barrage. These structures on the river are useful to farmers of Bihar
, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal.
Etymology of Subarnarekha River
Subarnarekha River has received its name from two Sanskrit
words, 'Subarna' and 'Rekha'. Subarna stands for gold and Rekha stands for a line or streak. Thus, Subarnarekha means a golden line in English
. According to a story, gold
was mined near the origin of Subarnarekha River. Also, a legend suggests that traces of gold were found in the Subarnarekha River bed. Thus, the river received the name of Subarnarekha.
Course of Subarnarekha River
Subarnarekha River originates near a village
namely, Piska or Nagri close to Ranchi. The river traverses for a long distance through the districts like Ranchi
, Seraikela Kharsawan
and East Singhbhum
. It then covers short distances through Paschim Medinipur district
in West Bengal and Balasore district
in Odisha. Subarnarekha River finally joins the Bay of Bengal
, near Talsari.
Tributaries of Subarnarekha River
The major tributaries of Subarnarekha River are Kharkai River
, Roro River, Kanchi River, Harmu Nadi, Damra River, Karru River, Chinguru River, Karakari River, Gurma River, Garra River, Singaduba River, Kodia River, Dulunga River and Khaijori River.
Places of Interest near Subarnarekha River
There are various places of interest near Subarnarekha River. Two important cities
lie on the bank of the Subarnarekha River. They are the capital city
of Jharkhand namely, Ranchi and the steel city of Jamshedpur
. Hundru Falls
is located at a distance of about 45 kilometers from Ranchi. It falls from a height of about 98 meters. A temple namely, Bhavnatha Mahadev Temple
is situated on the banks of Subarnarekha River. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva
. There is a hill station
in the Chota Nagpur Plateau
region of Jharkhand.
Pollution in Subarnarekha River and its Effect
Subarnarekha River crosses areas where extensive mining
and uranium ores takes place. Thus, the river gets polluted due to the unplanned mining activities. Subarnarekha River is the lifeline of the tribal communities
inhabiting in the Chhotanagpur region of India. The lives of the tribal people
are adversely affected by water pollution.