Avchitgad fort is a hill fort located over the Sahyadri ranges near Roha in Raigad district. Medha is a village situated at the base of the fort. It is believed to have constructed by Shilahar kings. Reconstruction work had been done in the fort by the great Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji. Dense forests surround this fort.
Karnala fort, also famed as Funnel Hill, is located in Raigad district near Panvel city. It stands within Karnala Bird Sanctuary and is a protected monument. The possession of the fort changed many hands. It is in fact a combination of two forts standing at different elevations. It houses two inscriptions in Persian and Marathi.
Kolaba fort is an ancient military fortification situated near the shores of Alibaug. It has been declared as a protected monument and serves as a popular tourist destination. A unique feature of the fort is the freshwater wells in the fort premise in spite of its location near the sea. It also shelters a Siddhivinayak temple which was built in 1759 by Raghoji Angre.
Korlai fort, located in Korlai town, is a Portuguese fortification. It stands on an island guarding the way to Revdanda Creek. It was constructed in 1521 and was later demolished by the Portuguese themselves. Reconstruction work was later carried out in the fort. The fort was captured by many rulers over years.
Murud-Janjira is another old fort of Raigad district situated on an island near the coastal village Murud. Siddis had occupied the fort in ancient times and it is famous as the only fort in the western coast of India which could not be conquered by the Marathas, Dutch and East India Company. This 15th century fort stands on an oval shaped rock over Arabian Sea and is regarded as one of the strongest marine forts of the country.
Padmadurg fort, also referred as Kasa fort, was constructed by the great Maratha ruler King Shivaji. Owing to the effects of Tsunami in Indonesia, the fort has almost completely ruined. The fort has six bastions. The main walls of the fort have demolished and cannot prevent the sea water from entering, as a result of which some portions of Padmadurg are often taken by the sea waves.
Raigad fort, located near Mahad in Raigad district, is a hill fort and served as the capital of Maratha Empire in 1674. It stands on Sahyadri mountain range and rises to a height of 820 metres. It was later looted and demolished by the British troops. It was constructed in 1030 by Chandrarao Mores and is presently in ruins.
Sudhagad fort, a hill fort located in the south of Lonavla, is also popular as Bhorapgad. It dates back to 2nd century BC. Being one of the well preserved forts of Maharashtra, it forms a popular trekking destination. The fort offers a panoramic view of other forts located nearby. Trees of Pandhri can be spotted on the slopes of the fort which is used to make walking sticks.
(Last Updated on : 01-04-2014)
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