(Last Updated on : 23-05-2012)
The Assam Province was one of the prominent provinces of British India
and is also amongst the original provinces of contemporary India, comprising of a legislature which dates back to the year 1937. At present Assam
a northeastern state in India and is a geographically and culturally distinctive region. The present state of Assam has experienced several territory alignment modifications and the state map has been changed numerous times. The territory played a very significant role during the Indian freedom struggle
. The Assam Province was well known for natural resources and the current capital of the state is at Dispur
. The province was situated in the south of the eastern Himalayas. The present Indian state is bounded by 7 of the renowned Seven Sister States, namely Meghalaya
and Arunachal Pradesh
. The territory also shares borders with Bangladesh and Bhutan. The Assam Province was one amongst those main 8 provinces of British India.
History of Assam Province
In the year 1821, Chandra Kanta Singh, the native king accepted the dominion of the British East India Company. As a result the Burmese army invaded the province defeated the Assamese forces in 1822. Thus the province of Assam was appointed as a Burmese province which was managed by a military Governor General. After the end of the First Anglo Burmese War under the Treaty of Yandabo in 1826, the British authorities took charge of Lower Assam and installed Purander Singh as the native ruler of Upper Assam in the year 1833. But after 1838, the British East India Company
eventually annexed the whole territory. At first, the province was included into the Bengal Presidency, but in 1906, it became a part of Eastern Bengal and Assam province. Later in the year 1912, the region was restructured as a province of the Chief Commissioners. In 1913, a Legislative Council and in the year 1937 the Assam Legislative Assembly were established in Shillong, which was its former capital.
During the partition of Bengal through 1905 to 1911, the new province of Assam and East Bengal was created as a Lieutenant Governorship. In East Bengal was reunited with Bengal in 1911 and the regions of Orissa
, Bengal and Assam became the new provinces in the east. After the nation gained independence in the year 1947, Assam Province, along with Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh, was incorporated as a state of the newly formed Union of India