(Last Updated on : 22-03-2012)
Saadat Ali Khan II was the 5th Nawab Wazir of Awadh
(Oudh) who ruled from 21st January 1798 to 11th July 1814. He was the second son of Nawab Shuja-ud-daula was born in 1752. He ascended the throne of Awadh in the year 1798 after succeeding Mirza Wazir Ali Khan, his half-nephew. On 21st January 1798, Saadat Ali Khan II was crowned by Sir John Shore at Bibiyapur Palace in Lucknow
. It was done after receiving assertion from Sadat Ali for compliance to the British East India Company
and to follow their orders. Saadat Ali Khan II gave away the Allahabad Fort
Fort along with a huge sum of money to the British administration for providing him support and getting him to the royal throne. He also signed another treaty through which annual amount to be paid to the East India Company would increase manifold.
In a period of 3 years, his powers condensed and reduced to a great extent and became incapable to compensate the annual dues to the British Government. In the year 1801, the British East India Company took over half of the territory of Awadh, after obtaining his approval and signature. The British got the regions of Gorakhpur
, Fatehgarh, Kanpur
and Rohilkhand, after the assurance from Sadat Ali Khan II for submission to the East India Company.
Saadat Ali Khan II constructed all the major structures and buildings in the regions of Dilkusha and Kaiserbagh. One of his main palaces known as Dilkusha Kothi was designed and constructed by Sir Gore Ouseley in the year 1805. Nawab Saadat Ali Khan II died in the year 1814 and was buried along with Khursheed Zadi, his wife, in the Tombs of Qaiserbagh.
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