(Last Updated on : 07-02-2013)
Anjaw district in Arunachal Pradesh
was created on 16 February 2004 under the Arunachal Pradesh Re-organization of Districts Amendment Bill. It is located on the banks of the Lohit River
, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River
. It is the easternmost district. It is a wildlife rich district. Mammals such as Mishmi takin, Red goral, Gongshan muntjac, Leaf muntjac occurs while among birds there is the rare Sclater's Monal. A specific pine called Pinus merkusii is found only in Anjaw district in the entire northeastern India. A flying squirrel has also its range in this district.
Anjaw district has seven administrative Units: Hayuliang, Hawai, Manchal, Goiliang, Walong, Kibithoo and Chaglogam. The main tribes of this district are Mishmi
and the Zakhring
. The main rivers of this district are: Lohit River
, Lam River, Tidding River, Dalai River, Krowti River, Dichu River, Lati River, Klung River, Dav River, Telua River, Ampani River and Sarti River. The main crops cultivated in this district are maize, millet, rice
, beans, cardamom, orange, pears, plum, and apple.
Demography of Anjaw District
According to the Population Census in the year 2011, the Anjaw District had population of 21,089 of which male and female were 11,686 and 9,403 respectively. The population of Anjaw District constituted 1.53 percent of total population of Arunachal Pradesh. The population density of Anjaw district for 2011 is 3 people per sq. km. The Anjaw district administers 6,190 square kilometres of areas. The average literacy rate of Anjaw District is 59.40 percent. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 69.54 percent and 46.39 percent respectively. The total literate in Anjaw District were 10,514 of which male and female were 6,920 and 3,594 respectively.
Tourism in Anjaw District
There are several tourist destination spots in Anjaw District. These are:
Hayuliang is situated at a distance of 100 kilometres from Tezu, the Headquarter of Lohit District. Hayuliang is the Sub-Divisional Headquarter. According to Mishmi tribal language, "Hayuliang" means, 'the place of my liquor'. Hayuliang is located at an altitude of 750 meters level above Mean Sea Level; Hayuliang enjoys a pleasant, cool and salubrious climate. The beautiful panoramic view of the confluence of Dalai River and Lohit River
and scenic surrounding make the place worth visiting.
Hawai is the young District Headquarter of Anjaw District. It is located on the left of the Lohit River at about 58 kilometres from the South-East of Hayuliang by road. "Hawai" in Kaman Mishmi dialect means "Pond". This beautiful township is situated at an altitude of 1296 Mt. above sea level. A Cable Suspension Bridge, named as Anjaw, over the mighty Lohit River, connects it. Its pleasant climate, scenic landscape and unique ethnic culture make it one of the best places for visits.
Chaglogam is another remote Circle Headquarter. The picturesque place is located on the left of Dalai River. It is 170 kilometres and 107 kilometres from Tezu
and Hawai respectively. The surface communication to the place is soon likely to be connected by road under Border Road Organization.
Walong is situated at an altitude of about 1094 meters. It is located 200 kilometres from Tezu, Walong is a Circle Headquarter with a tremendous tourism potential. The word "Walong" in Mishmi dialect means "a place with full of bamboo
s." This place is historically prominent because of it being the scene of gallant fight by Indian Soldiers and invading Chinese forces in 1962 and endowed with spectacular landscapes, Walong is a popular tourist destination in the district. Namti Valley, commonly called as Namti Maidan, is placed above 7 kilometers from Walong on the way to Kibithoo. The fiercest Sino - India battle of 1962 was fought in this valley. The beautiful age-old pines standing in witness of the supreme sacrifice made by the brave Indian Soldiers defending the borders of sacrifice renders Namti Maidan a special tourist spot. To commemorate the exemplary sacrifice of the brave soldiers of Indian Army
, a beautiful War Memorial has been built at Walong. The climate is cool and salubrious. A hot spring beside the Lohit at a distance of four Kilometers from Walong is another attraction for all kinds of visitors. Besides Walong, there is another hot spring located at a distance of 39 kilometres from the confluence of the Lohit River and the Dichu River. It is 64 kilometres towards East from Kibithoo. The region is endowed with spectacular landscapes of picturesque plateaus and valleys and snow-clad hills.
Dong is located on the left of Lohit River, Dong is a small but beautiful village of Meyor Communities. Majestic snow-capped mountains and picturesque pine forests surround it, the village welcomes earliest sunrise in the country. It is situated at a distance of seven kilometres from Walong, it is connected by a nice foot suspension bridge over the Lohit River.
Kibithoo is a small but beautiful Circle Headquarter located close to the Indo-China Border at an altitude of about 1305 Mt. above sea level. It is nestled on the right bank of the mighty Lohit; it is 140 kilometres away to the North of Hayuliang.
The whispering pine forests, wild rash berries, beautiful flowers and majestic waterfalls from the surrounding hills set against tall blue hills add grandeur to it. Its climate is cool and salubrious. The place also witnessed some of the severest fights by Indian Soldiers against the Chinese in 1962. Kibithoo Township is endowed with recently commissioned 30 KiloWatt Micro-Hydel Electricity Project.