(Last Updated on : 09/02/2018)
Influences on Indian Tribal art include the environment, philosophy
, traditions, the economic status of the community
and the degree of the isolation from adjoining cultures
. These influences had brought it out of its purely ritualistic and iconographic confines and allowed it to conquer its own contemporary artistic space
Factors Influencing the Indian Tribal Art
India, two factors had enduring influences on Indian Tribal Art. The Indian tribal art
showcases the life of those people who live away from modern urbanized civilization. These factors are;
1. The Government
's decision to promote a policy to encourage the Indian tribal art and to give paper to tribal communities
2. The creation of museums
where this kind of unique art could be showcased.
Artists were no longer confined to painting the walls of their homes. Paper, paint and other materials used by modern artists freed them physically, emotionally and psychologically to give expression to their existential problems.
Religious Influence on Indian Tribal Art
cannot be separated from religion
as they have a strong affinity. Religion needs form and art is one medium of outstanding effectiveness. Tribal
life is attached with the faith in Gods
. They have a number of their own Gods and Goddesses. Their male and female deities are imaginary. Religious beliefs vary from family to family
, from tribe to tribe
. It is precisely in the realm of religious art that the God is still a God for the believers.
Influence of Spirit World on Indian Tribal Art
Spirit world exists mainly because of superstitious beliefs the tribes inherit. Almost every tribal of this region is more or less connected with this belief. Indian tribes worship ancestors collectively on ceremonial occasions. The possession of spirits, ancestor's worship or the worship of Shakti
has adopted several creative forms of art.
Magic and Witchcraft in Indian Tribal Art
For magic or witchcrafts, the tribal sorcerers take help of numerous mysterious symbols. These symbolic representations with full of power cause the beautiful specimens of tribal magical art. They symbolise mysterious outer space as well as an inner space with their own motifs. The expression of the art form may be abstract or symbolic depending on the individual talent of the person.