(Last Updated on : 09/03/2019)
Culture of Gujarat is curbed out due to inter-mixing of diverse ethnic folks. Gujarat
is also called as "Jewel of Western India" and is known for its unique and rich culture
. Being the land of Mahatma Gandhi
, it also has a history of political upsurge during Indian freedom movement
. However, with least number of urban populace, the rural areas of Gujarat and its cultural exuberance are beautifully manifested in its plethora of elements. The Gujarati culture is a blend of their beliefs, customs
, inventions, values and technology.
Language of Gujarat
evolved from Sanskrit
Gujarati is spoken in Gujarat. The native language spoken in Gujarat is Gujarati
. Surti, kathiawadi and charotari languages all also are wide spoken in Gujarat. People of Kutc
h speak Kutchi; while Memoni is also spoken among Sindhi memons and Muslims
Festivals of Gujarat
The ethnicity of Culture of Gujarat can be best experienced by the vistas of its festivals
. In their celebrations, all the Indian festivals are incorporated, along with some special functions of the region. Navaratri
is an ancient and colourful festival. It accolades the Divine Power or Shakti
, which affirms the entire world, and is personated as the Mother Goddess. Among the local festivals, the International Kite Festival
is significant. It is feted at Ahmedabad
on January 14, and occurs along with the festival of Makar Sankranti
. Kutch Mahotsav
is the occasion of touring beautiful places of Kutch peninsula, organised yearly by the Tourism Corporation of Gujarat. Bhadra Purnima is an occasion of worshipping the principal deity of Gujaratis, Goddess Ambaji
, believed to be residing in the holy abode of a village temple
. Every year on Purnima
or full moon, this Ambaji temple
is transformed into festival ground where myriads of devotees throng the place for worship.
Fairs in Gujarat
Several fairs are also organised throughout the whole year. Dangs Darbar
, Trinetreshwar Mahadev Fair, Vautha Mela
are worth mentioning. In Shalmaji area of Gujarat region, a famous fair called Kartik Purnima is conducted in November. It continues for about two weeks and highly mobbed by the Gujarati tribes.
Music of Gujarat
Gujarati Culture is a fountain of music
and dancing styles. Moreover, it is due to the Charans and Gadhavis, a community of folk artists and musicians, that the originality of music has been preserved. Rannade songs, Lullaby, Nupital songs, Festive songs, are the various types of folk songs in Gujarat. Marsias is a special form of singing that is performed at funerals. Apart from these, Gujarati musicians have gifted the country with numerous ragas abiding by the names of Gujarat territories. Ahiri, Lati, Gujari Todi, Bilaval, Sorathi, Khambavati are named complying with their places of origin.
Dance of Gujarat
The most renowned folk dances of Gujarat are Garba
, Garbi, Rasaka, Tippani
-Nritya, Dangi-Nritya etc. Most of these dances have a circle of Mandala
as the basic Choreographic pattern. The most famous dance of Gujarat, Garba is deduced from Garbha Deep implying an illuminated lamp inside an earthen pot, full of holes. The females put the vessel with the lamp on their heads, singing and dancing in the musical tunes. Sitting in the centre, the Dholi plays the drum
and sets the tempo of the dance.
A group of dancers move in circular pattern to assess steps, marking time by sticks called Dandia, performs Dandia Ras
. The dances are performed along with rhythmical music and singing. It is called Garbi in Saurashtra
in which only men take part. Rasa Dance
is executed with various editions and establishments like Chokdi, Swastik, etc. Tippani Dance is executed by the women of Chorwad region of Gujarat.
Cuisine of Gujarat
Gujarati Cuisine is very unique and distinct from the rest of the country, as most people here are mainly vegetarians
are the staple foods of Gujarat. Savouring types of vegetables
like potatoes, Brinjals, Cabbages, Cauliflowers, etc vary with the seasons; spices
are an integral culinary element, the usage of it too undergoes seasonal flickering. Some of the other notable dishes are Dhokla
, Kachori, Bhajiya, Chaat, Khaja
, Chakri, Malpua, Peda
, Doodhpak etc. The dishes are grounded on steamy vegetables and Dals or pulses
that are supplemented to a Vaghaar. Namkeens
like Cholafali, Ghooghra are prepared by the Gujaratis to savour especially on the occasion of Diwali
Lifestyle of Gujarat
Culture of Gujarat is typically reflected in the sedentary lifestyle of Gujaratis. The region is historically significant as remnants of Indus Valley civilization
found in Gujarat. The conservative nature has debarred the Gujarati populace from enjoying nightlife.
Art and Crafts of Gujarat
The creativity of Gujarati communities finds expression in its astounding range of embroidery
, threading, colouring and publishing techniques, handiworks made from woods, gem and metal of the tribal communities. The Surat
based zari industry is popular throughout the world for its embroidery work. Some of the famous patterns of embroidery which can be found here are Chalak, Salama, Kangiri and Tiki.
Despite of being among the most industrialized state in India, Gujarat preserves its rich culture and tradition of the ancient past. The plethora of traditions along with a tinge of modernization sums up the culture of Gujarat.