(Last Updated on : 03-04-2014)
Economy of Auraiya District is mainly agrarian in character. Auraiya is an agriculture land. The main occupation of the people in the district is agriculture. Thus, the means of irrigation keeps the important role on such lands. In earlier times the district was almost wholly dependent on wells and, to a small extent, on tanks. The well-irrigation appears to have been largely replaced by canals. The chief sources of irrigation are wells and tanks. The practice of growing more than one crop simultaneously in a single field in a single season gives additional harvest. Thus, this practice increases the over all yield and ensures maximum use of the soil and nutrients. In Auraiya District, rotation of crops is practiced heavily by the farmers. Scientific rotation of crops helps the farmers to maintain the fertility of the fields by growing exhaustive crops in rotation with restorative crops.
A particular crop sown in one season restricts the cultivator to sow the other crop in the next season, which is most beneficial for the field and by this practice the turnout also is enhanced to some extent. The popular rotations followed in the district are Paddy Wheat, Paddy Gram, Paddy Peas, Maize Wheat, Maize Potato-wheat, Bajra Wheat or Peas or Gram or Peas and Gram, on account of being leguminous crops, have restorative qualities. Cultivation of these crops in rotation with exhaustive crops like paddy and bajra helps to maintain the fertility of the fields. Sugarcane
is generally sown in three years rotation.
The methods of cultivation in Auraiya District are generally the same as those found elsewhere in the Doab. There are the usual harvests known as the Kharif or autumn, the Rabi or spring and Zaid or extra harvest. The chief Kharif crops are the millets, known as Bajra and Jowar
, paddy and maize
. These are sown either alone or in combination with Arhar. Wheat
heads the list of Rabi cereals in the district in point of area, Sugarcane, oil seeds, vegetables and fruits, sweet potato and spices are the main non-food crops of the district. Vegetables though they occupy a small area in the district especially around the towns and large villages, constitute valuable crops. In the past indigo was also grown in the district.
The region covered by the present district of Auraiya had flourishing trade with the adjoining regions of Farrukhabad, Mainpuri, Agra
, Gwalior and Kanpur
, since early times. Economy of Auraiya District does not include any big industry. Only the two towns namely Dibiyapur
and Auraiya are equipped with main industries. Further, there are least facilities in the district to sale the products off and so the sale is mainly dependent on the districts nearby. In Auraiya city itself the wooden furniture work is on large scale and due to its cost and quality factor, the furniture has made a good place in the market of nearby districts.