History of Azamgarh District
Azamgarh District derives its name for Azam Khan who founded it on the ruins of the village Ailwal and Phulwaria in around 1665 AD. Azamat Khan, brother of Azam Khan built a fort in this place. At this time Azamgarh possesses only the ruins of the fort, constructed by Azmat. Adjoining Azmatgarh there is Azamgarh Tal, which was named after Azam Khan.
Geography of Azamgarh District
Azamgarh District has level plain devoid of any hills. The major river flowing through the district is Ghaghara River and the region inclines tenderly towards the south-east. Geography of Azamgarh District comprises depressions of changeable depth. Interestingly, in the district there are some high lying plains as well. It also includes some minor rivers like Tons River. In Azamgarh District, there are several lakes. Azamgarh District has a humid climate.
Culture of Azamgarh District
Azamgarh District is rich in cultural and religious activities. The tradition language is particularly Bhojpuri language or Purvi. The major community of this district is divided into four branches. The ancient division was mainly occupational but gradually it developed into a hereditary order. People perform several pujas and celebrate the popular festivals with great enthusiasm. The practice of a taking a holy dip in river is also famous in the district. The important festivals of the district are Durga Puja, Ramnavami, Janmashtami, Shivaratri, Diwali, Dussehra and Holi. The famous folk songs of the district are Kajri, Barahmasi, Chaumas, Phagua, Kahrava, Birha, Kawwali, Alha, Kirtan, Jogia, Bhajan, Kavi sammelan, Musayara, etc. The famous folk dances of Nautanki, Ramlila, Krishnalila, Bandar and Bhalu dance, Kaharwa dance, Dhobiya dance, Kirtan dance, Ahirwa Dance, etc.
The industrial base of Azamgarh District is not very strong, but the district has good agricultural base.