(Last Updated on : 29-08-2013)
Purba Medinipur district or East Midnapore district is conspicuously an administrative unit that lies in the Indian state of West Bengal
. This district lies in the corner most part district of Bardhaman district
division that is one of the three administrative divisions of West Bengal the headquarters of which are located at Tamluk
. Established on January 1, 2002, this district not only counteracted the ravages of time but even witnessed the Partition of Midnapore into Purba Medinipur District
and Paschim Medinipur. Purba Medinipur is confined by states and water bodies on all sides. Orissa
is situated at the south-west border of Purba Medinipur district whereas the Bay of Bengal
lies in the south; the Hooghly River
and South 24 Parganas District
to the east and Howrah
district to the north-east.
Purba Medinipur is the congregation of the major sub-divisions of Tamluk
, Contai and Haldia
of erstwhile Midnapore district. Another sub-division, Egra came out of the of the erstwhile Contai sub-division during the partition of Midnapore. However it was in the year 2011, when the state government proposed to Christianise the district as Tamralipta district after the ancient port city of Tamralipta that lied near the modern district headquarters. Purba Medinipur confronted a series of political upheavals during the British Raj. A parallel government named the Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar was formed during the Quit India Movement
The Major cities and towns of Purba Medinipur district includes Panskura, Tamluk, Nandakumar, Contai, Egra, Haldia
, Mecheda, Mahisadal
, Kajlagarh, Digha
, Patashpur, Bhagabanpur, Manglamarro, Chandipur
, Kolaghat, Deshopran Paniparul and Deulihat.
Economy of Purba Medinipur District
It was in the year 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj
granted Purba Medinipur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the eleven districts in West Bengal that is the receiver of grants from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Education of Purba Medinipur District
The 2011 census states that the district has a literacy rate of 87.66 up from 80.20% of 2001 census. However as per the 2001 census, this district had a male literacy rate of 89.1% and female literacy rate was 70.7%. Education Index of this district is 0.74 and the district is ranked 1st position in literacy rate in comparison to other districts of West Bengal.
Demography of Purba Medinipur District
According to the 2011 census Purba Medinipur district has a population of 5, 094,238. This gives it a ranking of 20th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,076 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,790 /sq mi). The population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.32%. Purba Medinipur has a sex ratio of 936 females for every 1000 males.