(Last Updated on : 08/03/2014)
Aurangabad District is among the thirty eight districts of Bihar
Town is the districts headquarter. Aurangabad District is a part of the Magadha
Division in Bihar. The district of Aurangabad is known to have played a very important role in the freedom struggle of India.
History of Aurangabad District
The district of Aurangabad in Bihar has an ancient history of its own. In fact the mention of the district can be found both in the Treta Yuga
and in the Dwapara
Ages. The district has been closely associated with the Hindu custom of Pinda Daan because of the presence of the PunPun River
or Ardha Ganga River in the region. Even it is believed that sage Bhrigu
had practised his penance in the present district of Aurnagbad.
The district of Aurangabad claims to have been ruled by eminent kings of India like Bimbisara
and Chandragupta Maurya
. The region had been ruled by some eminent kings because Aurangabad had been a part of the Magadha and Magadha had contributed greatly to the history of entire India. Aurangabad had also come under the control of Mughal rulers. After the Mughal rulers the region of Aurangabad had come under the rule of the zamindars and during the freedom struggle of the country Aurangabad had played an important role.
Geography of Aurangabad District
This district lies between 24.75 degrees north and 84.37 degrees east. The district encompasses an area of 3305 square kilometres. As per as the boundary of the district is concerned to the East of the district lies Gaya
, to the west, Rohtas
, to the south, Palamu
of the Jharkhand
province and to the North is Arwal
. Aurangabad experiences a tropical climate. The rivers and hills of Aurangabad are filled with precious raw materials like minerals and valuable stones. According to the census of 2001 Aurangabad District has a total population of 20, 35,757. There is a marked difference in the number of males and females in the district of Aurangabad. It has around 71.95 percent males and only 42.04 percent females. Literacy rate of the region is quite impressive. It is around 57.5 percent.
Demography of Aurangabad District
According to the Population Census in the Aurangabad District had population of 3,695,928 of which male and female were 1,928,156 and 1,767,772 respectively. Aurangabad District population constituted 3.29 percent of total population of Bihar. The average literacy rate of Aurangabad in 2011 was 80.40 compared to 72.91 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 89.31 and 70.81 respectively. The total literates in Aurangabad District were 2,556,154 of which male and female were 1,472,313 and 1,083,841 respectively.
Culture of Aurangabad District
The district of Aurangabad in Bihar has its special status in the field of literature and culture not only on provincial level but also on the national level. The land of Aurangabad has produced eminent personalities from times immemorial. Various literary personalities of fame belong to the district of Aurangabad.
Education in Aurangabad District
Right from the early day's education in Aurangabad District of Bihar was largely developed. Even during the times of the rule of Mughal Dynasty
and the rule of British East India Company
, the system of institutionalized education in the forms of Gurukul
s has continued. Before Indian independence also there were several schools which were dedicated towards imparting of quality education to the children of the district.
Economy of Aurangabad District
There exists a lot of economic disparity in the district of Aurangabad. As a result many of the people in the region have got engaged in extremist activities so that they can grab quick money. Economic inequality and illiteracy are the curse of the people of this area. Moreover the region has also been subject to curses like orthodoxy, casteism, fanaticism and superstitions. As a result the entire development of Aurangabad especially the rural development of the area has suffered greatly.
Tourism in Aurangabad District
Aurangabad District in Bihar has a variety of tourist places. The region is abounding with historical places as well as pilgrimage centers. Moreover the tourism industry of the region is developed to a large extent because of the excellent communication system that is an integral part of Aurangabad District. The most suitable time to reach the district of Aurangabad is between October and March.