(Last Updated on : 13/01/2018)
Eastern Ghats mountain ranges are a series of discontinuous low ranges along the Bay of Bengal
coast running from the Mahanadi River valley for about 500 metres up to the Nilgiri Hills
in the south and forms the eastern edge of the divided Deccan plateau
. Eastern Ghats are not as elevated as the Western Ghats. It is also known as Purbagha?a. These major rivers cut the Eastern Ghats into various discontinuous hills. They are separated from the Bay of Bengal by the coastal plains. Mahanadi River, Godavari River and Krishna River have cut gaps from side to side Eastern Ghats.
Location of Eastern Ghats Mountain Range
The Eastern Ghats start from the state of West Bengal
in the north and culminates in Tamil Nadu
in the south. On the way Eastern Ghats mountain ranges cover several states including Odisha
and Andhra Pradesh
. Eastern Ghats in Odisha starts from North of Similipal
in Mayurbhanj district
and runs throughout Malkangiri
Geography of Eastern Ghats Mountain Range
Eastern Ghats are older than the Western Ghats
, and have a complex geological history
related to the assembly and disintegration of the ancient supercontinent of Rodinia and the meeting of the Gondwana
supercontinent. These are made up of charnockites, granite gneiss, khondalites, metamorphic gneisses and quartzite rock formations. The construction of the Eastern Ghats comprises thrusts and strike-slip faults all along its variety.
Characteristics of Eastern Ghats
One of the greatest features of Eastern Ghats lies at its being extremely rich in nature. The Eastern Ghat is said to have the division of waterways. Due to larger rain falls, the area produces better plants
. Like European Ghats, therefore, the Eastern aspects of Ghats also bring a pile of environmental significance.
The different ecological situation presents a wealthy wildlife
. Eastern Ghat is the home of biggest extensive range of Asiatic animals
in the world. Other animals like Nilgiri Tahr, Gaurs, Leopards
, Sambar, and lion
are ample here. Apart from these, this is recognized for wide range of chicken varieties.
Notable Mountains of Eastern Ghats Mountain Range
Notable Mountains of Eastern Ghats Mountain Range are Deomali Parvat, Malayagiri, Mahendragiri, Chandragiri, Turiakonda, Devagiri, Dharakonda, Sambari Konda, Hatimali, Mettur, Shevaroy, Nallamalla, Kalrayan, Pachamalai Mountains and others. Hills like Kalrayan, Palamalai, Pachaimalai, Mettur and Shevaroy at Tamil Nadu are some with larger heights of Eastern Ghats. Jindhagada is the highest mountain in the Eastern Ghats located in Araku, Vishakhapatnam
People of Eastern Ghats Mountain Range
Eastern Ghats Mountain Range is inhabited by few communities
such as Jatapu
, Konda Dora, Khond
, and Manne Dora. They are dependent on forests
and create a tremendous use of remedial plants
. It is the home for many Buddhist
ruins from Odisha to south Andhra.
Waterways of Eastern Ghats Mountain Range
The important waterways of Eastern Ghats Mountain Range, namely, Godavari
have cut through the Eastern Ghat landscapes. The Ponnaiyar as well as Palar Rivers flow through the headwaters on Kolar Level eastward through holes in Eastern Ghats to empty into the Bay of Bengal.
Wildlife Sanctuaries of Eastern Ghats Mountain Range
There are mixture of wildlife
sanctuaries like the Simlipal
Nationwide Recreation area, Sri Nationwide Venkateshwara Recreation area, Baissipalli Haven Wildlife, Bhitarkanika
Nationwide Recreation area, Satkoshia Stuff Haven and others. The area of Eastern Ghats Mountain Range is also a house of ponds such as Kolleru lake, Chilika Pond, Pullicat Pond.
Hill Stations of Eastern Ghats Mountain Range
Eastern Ghat area also features mountain programs such as Yercaud at Tamil Nadu and environmental supplies at Bilgiri Mountains and remote drops like Kiliyur Falls. The Bilgiri Mountains that run from the European Ghats to Kaveri, forms the forested environmental field connecting Southern with European Ghats. Seventeen districts of Odisha come under the Eastern Ghats.