(Last Updated on : 28-06-2014)
Nagpur, the largest city in central India is also believed second capital of the state of Maharashtra. It is headquarter of Nagpur district and Nagpur division and is third largest city by population of Maharashtra. Nagpur ranks as 143rd largest urban area in world in terms of population. Nagpur is the seat of annual winter session of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha. The city happens to be the commercial and political center of the state's eastern Vidarbha region.
Nagpur lies in central India with Zero mile marker and the city was founded by Gond people but later became part of Maratha Empire under the Bhonsles. The history of Nagpur
says that British East India Company took over the city in 19th century and made it the capital of Central Provinces and Berar. After first state restructuring, it lost the capital status but was made second capital of Maharashtra. Nagpur is an important location for Dalit Buddhist movement and Hindu nationalist organizations like RSS and VHP. Nagpur is location wise important as it is situated at the crossroads of India's North-South and East-West routes by road rail and air.
The Nag River is a tributary of the Kanhan River, which flows in a meandering path and so got its name, "Nag", the Marathi word for cobra. The river flows through the old city of Nagpur and so the city derived its name from this river, 'Nag' and 'pur'. "Pur" is common suffix given to Indian cities
, villages and towns.
Nagpur is administered by Nagpur Municipal Corporation (NMC), which is democratically elected civic governing body. The seal of Nagpur Municipal Corporation depicts a cobra in the water of a river. Nagpur is famous for its oranges from which it derives its nickname Orange city.
Nagpur city lying on the Deccan plateau of the Indian Peninsula enjoys a tropical wet and dry climate, with dry conditions prevailing for most of the year, since it is far from Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea. Nagpur city receives an annual rainfall of 1,205 mm (47.44 in) during the monsoon rains in June to September. The highest recorded rainfall was 304 mm on July 14, 1994. Summers are extremely hot lasting from March to June, with maximum temperatures in May. Winter is during the months from November to January with temperatures dropping below 10°C (50°F).
Most of the people living in Nagpur speak Marathi, the official language of Maharashtra. Varhadi dialect of Marathi is spoken in and around Nagpur city. Hindi is also widely spoken in Nagpur. Owing to its central location Nagpur has become a multi-ethnic in nature with large amount of residents from the neighboring states of Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. The city's culture is cosmopolitan as it includes a large number of people from other Indian states as well as people belonging to the world's major faiths and religion. Nagpur plays host to a variety of cultural events throughout the year.
For complete business listing of Nagpur visit Nagpur Yellowpages