Location of Puri
Puri is located as the eastern coastal plain land near Bay of Bengal. This city is located in the centre of Puri district of Odisha.
History of Puri
Puri is revered as the Holy Land of Lord Jagannath. History of Puri began from the time of Puranas. The ancient name of Puri was Charita which was as identified by General Alexander Cunningham of the Archaeological Survey of India. From 318 AD, Puri was ruled by Rashtrakuta Dynasty. Later Kalinga became the seat of administration and with the aid of emperor Ashoka, Puri became the place of Buddhism learning. Jagannath temple was constructed in 1138 AD, by the hands of Eastern Ganga Dynasty. After the decline of Muslim rule in India, British Empire in India began to rule and made it a Princely State when it was ruled by Gajapati Empire.
Geography of Puri
Puri is bordered with Bay of Bengal and Chilka Lake in the south making Satapada and Rambha. Puri is near the Mahanadi River. It has 67 kilometres of coastal stretch of sandy beaches.
Demography of Puri
According to the Population census in the year 2011, Puri has a population of 201,026. 88.03 percent is the average literacy rate.
Education of Puri
Ghanashyama Hemalata Institute of Technology and Management, Gangadhar Mohapatra Law College, Shri Jagannath Sanskrit University, Samanta Chandra Sekhar College are the popular educational institutions here.
Economy of Puri
The economy of Puri is dependent on Jagannath Temple and Puri Beach. Ratha Yatra and other festivals are the most important which are attended by millions of people every year. The Sand art and applique art are some of the important crafts that generate revenue to Puri.
Culture of Puri
The culture of Puri is influenced from Eastern Ganga Cult. Ratha Yatra, Puri Beach Festival, Sand Art Festival, Shreekshetra Utsav, Konark Dance Festival are the popular festivals here. Odissi Dance and Music is a popular cult here. Applique art here is famous to the world. The artisans of Raghurajpur are globally popular.
Tourism of Puri
Puri beach, Jagannatha temple, Konark Temple, Konark Beach, Chandrabhaga Beach, Adi Shankaracharya Ashrama, Pancha Tirtha of Puri, Markandeshwar Tank, Gundicha Temple, Swargadwar, Balighai beach, Nunai River, Puri District Museum, Lingaraja Temple, Khandagiri Caves, Udaygiri Caves and Raghunandana Library are the popular tourism destinations here.
Puri is easily connected directly and indirectly with Kolkata, Bhubaneshwar, Satapada, Khurda District, Vishakhapatnam, Berhampur, Rambha and Hyderabad by roadways and railways. Biju Patnaik International Airport at Bhubaneswar is the nearest airport.
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Puri, Puri District, Odisha