(Last Updated on : 13-01-2018)
Gangotri Mountains are a subsection of the Garhwal Himalayas
and its peaks are well known as religious destination or for their difficult climbing routes are located here. It rings the Gangotri Glacier
, and holds many peaks that are famous for their religious implication to Hindus
. Gangotri Mountains are the source of the river Ganga
and seat of the goddess Ganga
. It is one of the four sites in the Char Dham
The holy river
Bhagirathi acquires the name Ganga from Devprayag onwards where it meets the Alaknanda
. The origin of Bhagirathi River
is at Gaumukh
, set in the Gangotri Glacier. It is the first site in the Char Dham.
Location of Gangotri Group of Mountains
Gangotri group of mountains
are located in the northern state of India
. These are couched in the magnificent Garhwal hills at a height of 3048 meters above sea level. It is approximately 300 kilometres from Dehradun
, 250 kilometres from Rishikesh
and 105 kilometres from Uttarkashi
Climate of Gangotri Group of Mountains
s of Gangotri group of mountains is usually cool and winters are freezing cold, with rains in the months of May and June. For the devotees and tourists, the gates of the temples
are open only in the months of May to November.
Notable Mountains of Gangotri Group of Mountains
Famous mountains of Gangotri Group of Mountains include:
Chaukhamba: Chaukhamba is a four-summitted massif and Chaukhamba I is situated at a height of 7,138 metres, being the highest peak in the group.
Kedarnath Mountains: Kedarnath Mountains rises at a height of 6,904 meters and is the highest peak on the southwest direction of the glacier.
Shivling Peak: Shivling Peak is the most sacred peak in Gangotri Mountains and it represents Lord Shiva. It is situated at an altitude of 6,543 meters above mean sea level.
Meru: It is situated at a height of 6,660 meters above mean sea level that lies between Thalay Sagar and Shivling Peak. It has some extremely challenging roads.
Thalay Sagar Peak: It is situated at an altitude of 6,904 metres above the sea level and is the most difficult peak to climb amongst Gangotri Mountains.
Notable Places of Gangotri Group of Mountains
Besides being a mountain range, Gangotri is also a town and a nagar panchayat in Uttarkashi district in the state
of Uttarakhand. It is a Hindu pilgrim town on the banks of the river Bhagirathi and is on the Greater Himalayan Range; at an elevation of 3,042 metres. Gangotri town serves as the beginning point of the Gangotri-Gaumukh-Tapovan
and Gangotri-Kedarnath trekking
routes. Dense forests
near Tapovan surround the Bhavishya Badri
temple in Gangotri Mountains. Pilgrims trek beyond Tapovan up the Dhauliganga River to reach this holy spot. The idol of narasimha
(Fourth Incarnation of Vishnu
) is enshrined in this Temple of Gangotri Mountains.
According to an old legend, Lord Shiva
rewarded King Bhagirath
after his penance and Ganga came down to earth
. The sacred stone near the temple indicates the place where Ganga first came down to earth. This is why Ganga is also called by the name of Bhagirathi. Submerged Shivlingam
is a unique feature at the Gangotri Mountains. The natural rock Shivlingam is submerged in the river and is an amazing sight reinforcing the power of the divine. According to mythology
, Lord Shiva sat at this spot and received the Ganga in his matted locks. The Shivlingam is visible in the early winters when the water level goes down. The scenic pilgrimage in the hinterlands of the Himalayas is the most sacred spot where Ganga, the stream of life, touched earth for the very first time.