(Last Updated on : 27-10-2014)
Abi Gamin is one of the important peaks in the Utarakhand state of India
. The peak enjoys importance owing to various reasons. Firstly, it is the second highest peak in the immediate region, after Kamet
. Secondly, it is also one of the fifteen seven thousand metre peaks of Uttarakhand. The neighbouring peaks of Abi Gamin are Mukut Parbat, Kamet and Mana. These peaks are linked by a ridge.
Location of Abi Gamin
It is located at a height of 7,355 metres (24,131 feet) in the Chamoli district
of Uttarakhand. It is situated in the northeast of Kamet at a distance of two kilometres. The actual location of the peak is in the central part of the Himalayas
at the highest point of Zaskar Range. It is situated on the watershed area of the upper Alaknanda
and Dhauli Rivers between the Manna and Niti passes on the Indo-Tibetan border. Geographically, the peak is located between 30A°55'48 North latitude 79A°36'00 East longitude at a height of 7,355 metres (24,131 feet) above mean sea level.
History of Abi Gamin
The peak along with the rest of the group was surveyed in the year 1848 by Richard Strachey. At the same time, the heights of these peaks were also discovered. Later in the year 1855, this range was named by the Schlagintweit brothers as Western, Central and Eastern Abi Gamin.
Climbing History of Abi Gamin
The first attempt to climb the peak was launched by the Schlagintweits. Later between 1907 and 1913, a number of expeditions were made to climb the peak. Eventually, in the year 1950, it was successfully scaled by a small Anglo-Swiss Expedition team. The team comprised of Alfred Tissieres, R. Dittert, and G. Chevalley and Kenneth Berrill (the only Englishman in the team). The team approached the peak from the north side through Tibet and reached over the Mana Pass.
Indian expeditions were made under Nandu Jayal in the years 1953 and 1955. The first youngest Indian to climb the peak is 17 years Govind Joshi. On June 8, 1988, he climbed the peak without using any oxygen aid and a trained doctor.